An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide

For a healthy, thriving garden, consult this companion planting guide when you're deciding what seeds to put where.

  • seeds
    Strategically plan your garden for the best harvest.
    Photo by Adobestock/coco
  • companion planting guide
    A companion planting guide is almost a necessity for gardeners when there are so many types of fruits and vegetables to choose from.
    Photo by Getty Images/valentinrussanov
  • Basil makes a great planting companion for most garden crops.
    Photo by Getty Images/diane555
  • Flowers, herbs, and vegetable crops alike can benefit from each other during the growing process.
    PHoto by Getty Images/maximili

  • seeds
  • companion planting guide

A companion planting guide such as this one will show you which vegetables and flowers support or inhibit the growth of other plants and/or which pests they deter.


Plant near: most garden crops
Keep away from: rue
Comments: improves the flavor and growth of garden crops, especially tomatoes and lettuce. Repels mosquitoes.

Beans, Bush

Plant near: beets, cabbage, carrots, catnip, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, marigolds, potatoes, savory, strawberries
Keep away from: fennel, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: potatoes and marigolds repel Mexican bean beetles. Catnip repels flea beetles.

Beans, Pole

Plant near: corn, marigolds, potatoes, radishes
Keep away from: beets, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: same as for bush beans.


Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, bush beans, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kohlrabi, onions
Keep away from: charlock, field mustard, pole beans


Plant near:  squash, strawberries, tomatoes
Keep away from:
Comments: repels tomato worms. Improves flavor and growth of companions.

9/7/2021 2:45:12 AM

Other Nematode repellent plants besides the marigolds are crotalarias and hairy indigo. Both these are legumes, able to enrich your soil with nitrogen in symbiosis with root bacteria colonies, besides their ability to kill pathogenic nematodes when grown as a green mulch crop. Even a small 5% of the powdered leaf in soil can eliminate nematodes. You may wish to mulch or incorporate both before they mature seed to avoid volunteers, although the hairy indigo can be allowed in corn fields as it emerges late, after the corn is up, and post-harvest can be safely pastured by cattle, pigs or goats. Not so the crotalaria, which is toxic to graze.

Carol J Montgomery-Taylor
5/25/2021 9:53:10 PM

To Audie: I have found that Rue can be planted in medicinal garden spaces with Mallow, Red Sorrel, and Lemon Balm (if contained to prevent overspread), and believe it or not, Red Bee-Balm. The ideal is to keep Rue away from culinary herbs, one of the families to which Basil belongs.

4/6/2021 12:49:03 AM

Nasturtium do not repel aphids. They are more like a delicious sacrifice that attract aphids away from your other plants.

Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price

50 Years of Money-Saving Tips!

Mother Earth NewsAt MOTHER EARTH NEWS for 50 years and counting, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues.

Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
International Subscribers - Click Here
Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST).

Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter flipboard

Free Product Information Classifieds Newsletters