All About Growing Peppers

Visually striking and flavorful, growing peppers will spice up your cuisine AND your garden.

  • growing peppers - pepper assortment
    Growing peppers will color your garden with dazzling, eye-catching fruit. Shown here, from left, are ‘Sante Fe’ (yellow), pimento (dark red), ‘Marconi’ (bright green with a blush of red), ‘Apple’ (mid-range red), poblano (deep green), ‘Jimmy Nardello’ (bright red) and cayenne (orange red).
  • Grow Gypsy peppers
    Cooking your way through harvests of ‘Gypsy’ or other specialty sweet peppers should (happily) be a lengthy task, as these peppers produce good crops over an extended period of time.

  • growing peppers - pepper assortment
  • Grow Gypsy peppers

(For details on growing many other vegetables and fruits, visit our Crop at a Glance collection page.)

Peppers present some of the summer garden’s biggest flavors and brightest hues, and these striking fruits are simple to store and have a wealth of delicious uses in the kitchen. Plus, sweet and specialty peppers are among the most expensive produce at the grocery store, so growing peppers of your own can be a money-saving move.

Pepper Types to Try

Sweet bell peppers come in various sizes and colors, and the fruits’ colors change as they mature. They grow best where summers are long and warm.

Specialty sweet peppers include pimentos, frying peppers, and other sizes, shapes and flavors. Small-fruited varieties are among the easiest peppers to grow.

Southwestern chile peppers have complex flavors with varying degrees of heat. Many varieties bear late and all at once, so they can be a challenge to grow in climates with short summers.

Specialty hot peppers range from moderately spicy jalapeños to hotter cayennes to hottest-of-all habaneros. Most are easy to grow.

6/28/2014 11:10:57 AM

I am new to gardening. I have a small space 3'x 12' and some large pots. I am growing Bell peppers, tomatoes, spaghetti squash, cucumbers. I don't know how much to water them. I live in So. Cali. and it get very hot here 90-100s. They are planted in south facing garden so they get a lot of sun and heat. I water every other day with a hose by hand. I added some pellet vegie food but the leaves are falling off on one pepper, one plant is not growing and is still small and I was getting a wrinkled soft spot on peppers where the sun hits and peppers are small. Tomatoes are getting dark spot on bottom of the tomatoe. Cherry tomatoes are fine, squash is fine it is just flowering now, cucumber is fine. I water them all the same. What do I need to do to know how to water and what do I need to do to keep them healthy?

6/30/2013 1:45:12 PM

I work with a community garden here in Salt Lake City, UT and we just recieved a donation of 34 tomato plants and 28 pepper plants. These came from an organic seed trader who trades for seeds and plants from all over the world. These plants have names that I have never heard of here in Utah. He said there are all colors of tomatoes and all colors and ranges of hotness in the peppers. I planted them in local soil to see how they fair against each other in our heat (105 F today) in soil with very little added to it. These are being watered 3 times a week on a drip line without added mulch. I am going to be, not only interested to see what they produce, but how well they do in our local sandy, rocky soil.

6/29/2013 8:32:21 AM

Our 19 pepper plants did very well last year here in Kansas even in the extreme heat and drought.  We had all we could eat, freeze, and dry, and we gave away the excess to gratefull family and friends.  We till with an older, Troy-Bilt tiller and plant each plant in deep furrow made with a furrowing attachment.  After the plants are established and the average temps are above 80, we mulch the entire pepper growing area after laying down soaker hoses.  Each plant is supported with a 42" tomato cage to protect it from the wind.  Plenty of cattle manure for fertilizer is a must.  This year, we are hoping to have another bumper crop!  

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