Sheep Raising and Management Tips

These useful methods of caring for your sheep can result in a healthy flock with plenty of wool for your clothes and meat for the table.

| January/February 1974

  • Ewe and Lamb
    Experienced shepherds share their advice for raising lambs and keeping your sheep healthy.

  • Ewe and Lamb

Robin Rye's article on sheep raising in the September/October 1974 issue of MOTHER EARTH NEWS was basically good, but we feel that a few points should be emphasized for good sheep management. Our advice is based on personal experience with caring for both commercial and purebred farm flocks in Minnesota, Wisconsin and California.

First, when you start your small homestead flock, we suggest that you buy a purebred (but not necessarily registered) meat-type ram: blackfaced Suffolk, Hampshire or Shropshire, but choose wool-type ewes of whatever whitefaced breed is most suited to your climate. That way you'll get lots of wool for sale or hand spinning, yet meaty lambs for the table.

Although it may seem more natural to let your ram run with the flock all year — as Ms. Rye recommends — we don't encourage you to do so, for two reasons. First, he can hurt both the pregnant ewes and newborn lambs. We've seen males butting females and their young, and even trying to mount ewes directly after lambing. Why take the chance?

Perhaps the main reason for separating your ram from the rest of the flock, however, is so that you'll know when the offspring are due and be able to prepare for the event. (Some ewes can come in heat all year round, and it's the presence of the ram that triggers ovulation.) A ewe will give birth about 147 days after she's bred, so turn the male in with the flock about five months before you want your lambs born. The ideal time of year depends on your climate. In the Midwest we loosed our ram at Thanksgiving, but here in California we do so in mid-August.

We would also like to share our experience in feeding pregnant ewes. Remember also that by controlling the time of breeding and lambing you can feed your sheep more economically. For the best use of fodder, flush the ewes (feed them extra grain or hay) 17 days before and 17 days after you turn your ram in with them. This will increase your twinning rate. Throughout pregnancy, the sheep need only good pasture or alfalfa hay.

Give the ewes grain again just before lambing and make sure they have adequate alfalfa or forage until the young are weaned. Between that time and their next breeding the animals need not be fed much. They can lose weight during this period and stay perfectly healthy, since the nonpregnant, non-lactating female has a much lower nutritional requirement. Most small pet flocks are overfed, which is bad for them and makes breeding difficult.


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