A Wood Pellet Stove Turns Waste Wood Into Home Heat

For a convenient, eco-friendly, and potentially money-saving method of home heating, give some thought to using a wood pellet stove.

| February/March 2009

  • Close-up of pellet stove
    Pellet appliances come in three main types: stoves, fireplace inserts, and furnaces/boilers, with stoves being the most popular by far.
    STEVE MAXWELL
  • Wood pellets close-up
    Pellets are the feedstock for a wood pellet stove. Waste wood and byproducts from lumber mills and planing plants that would otherwise rot have become a popular pellet raw material, although not all have this origin.
    PHOTO: STEVE MAXWELL
  • Pellet stove diagram
    Harman Home Heating offers a “bottom feed” system that allows homeowners to use cheaper fuel, which also has higher ash content. Ashes are pushed out of the burn pot as new fuel is fed in. Regular maintenance (burn pot scraping) can be performed without shutting down the stove — a plus for both time savings and heating efficiency.
    HARMAN HOME HEATING
  • Bag of wood pellets
    Wood pellets are usually sold in 40-pound bags. Other fuels for pellet stoves, such as corn, may be sold in bags or bulk.
    STEVE MAXWELL
  • Burn pot pellets
    The "burn pot" is the part of a pellet stove where pellets are actually burned.
    STEVE MAXWELL
  • Living room pellet stove
    Pellet stoves heat a single room or an entire home.
    HARMAN HOME HEATING
  • Dry and wet pellets
    Pellets expand if they get wet. To burn efficiently they must be kept dry.
    STEVE MAXWELL

  • Close-up of pellet stove
  • Wood pellets close-up
  • Pellet stove diagram
  • Bag of wood pellets
  • Burn pot pellets
  • Living room pellet stove
  • Dry and wet pellets

Wood is a great renewable heating option — widely available and clean burning (in EPA-certified stoves). But for some of us, handling the firewood and tending the fire require too much time. If a traditional woodstove isn’t right for you, you might want to consider a wood pellet stove; as the name implies, they burn pellets made of compressed wood byproducts and other biomass.

The pellet-heating lifestyle fits somewhere between the automated convenience of gas, oil, or electric systems and the hands-on requirements of a woodstove. Pellet appliances vary from designs that are lit manually, with heat output controlled directly by the homeowner using a dial or buttons, to those units that ignite electrically, with pellet supply and heat output controlled automatically by a wall-mounted thermostat.

Another reason to consider switching from fossil-fueled heat sources to a pellet stove: It can reduce your carbon footprint. Wood pellets produce almost no net climate-changing carbon dioxide if they are used as fuel — although some fossil fuels typically are used in the manufacture and transportation of pellets.

The technology for modern residential pellet heating systems was invented back in 1983. This technology is now reliable, mature, and effective. The main question left to answer is whether the pellet lifestyle makes sense for you. And to answer this question you need a glimpse inside the process.



Life with Pellet Heat

Starting a pellet stove takes about five minutes. Even without a thermostat, you can choose the amount of heat you want, because heat output is variable by changing the setting of a single control that adjusts the exhaust fan speed and the speed of the auger that feeds pellets to the burn pot.

Pellet consumption ranges vary, depending on settings and circumstances. Manufacturers list input in British thermal units per hour (Btu/hr). Maximum input ranges from 30,000 to 48,000 Btu/hr, with many stoves claiming around 40,000 Btu/hr. (Actual heat output will be less because not all wood energy ends up as heat delivered to a building.)

Charles
1/1/2015 7:29:47 PM

Get a good one that burns corn too Corn is cheaper this year to burn 378 bushel and burns hotter than pellets.Get a good stove. You get what you pay for at the dept stores We've had a Countryside made by American energy systems for over 6 years now and had no problems with it! We just got another for the basement ! We have a 2 story farmhouse and it keeps it very toasty!


QiMatyeuh
9/26/2014 9:50:28 AM

A personality fundamentally avoid to compose genuinely posts I'd testify. With the intention of is the formerly estimate I frequented your website summon and accordingly far? I amazed with the analysis you fulfilled to compose this real place of duty amazing. Fantastic task! http://penyerang.com/taruhan-bola-lebih-menguntungkan-di-cmd368/


Tim Sefton
11/17/2011 3:18:41 PM

We working on a project developing and building a low cost stirling engine for electrical generation that would work well with wood pellet stoves - We are targeting a building cost of $110 for a 1KW output - http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/672465444/low-cost-sterling-engine







Mother Earth News Fair Schedule 2019

MOTHER EARTH NEWS FAIR

Next: February, 16-17 2019
Belton, TX

Whether you want to learn how to grow and raise your own food, build your own root cellar, or create a green dream home, come out and learn everything you need to know — and then some!

LEARN MORE






Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price

Money-Saving Tips in Every Issue!

Mother Earth NewsAt MOTHER EARTH NEWS, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues.

Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
International Subscribers - Click Here
Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST).


Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter flipboard
Free Product Information Classifieds

}