Stovepipe Power: Using Waste Heat

If you've been thinking about ways of using waste heat from you cookstove rather than letting it escape, here are a number of suggested stovepipe modifications to make it possible.

| November/December 1973

  •  stovepipe power fig 1, fig 2
    FIG 1: In a single-storied structure, put the stove at one end of the building and carry the pipe horizontally to the other end and then out. FIG 2: In a structure with two or more stories, run the vent straight up through the rooms above.
    ILLUSTRATION: MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • stovepipe power fig 3, fig 4
    FIG 3: The Palace Grand in Dawson City, Yukon Territory developed a drum-within-a-drum design to create a large hot air chamber that traps stovepipe heat and radiates it into the room. FIG 4: An unmodified 45 gallon steel drum could possibly serve the same purpose.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • stovepipe power fig 5
    FIG 5: It involves a little plumbing, but the stovepipe could be routed through a 45 gallon drum fitted with a water inlet at the top and a spigot at the bottom, creating a water heater, radiator, and hot water supply all in one.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • stovepipe power fig 6
    FIG 6: A stovepipe fitted with an oven. You could buy one, or make one from a 45 gallon drum and Yukon can.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • stovepipe power fig 7, fig 8
    FIG 7: A  proposed concentric double stovepipe in which the inner pipe is an intake drawing exterior air and the outer is an exhaust pipe that warms the inflow. FIG: At the stove end of a concentric pipe design, the intake should be routed through the bottom of the firebox into the ash box chamber.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF

  •  stovepipe power fig 1, fig 2
  • stovepipe power fig 3, fig 4
  • stovepipe power fig 5
  • stovepipe power fig 6
  • stovepipe power fig 7, fig 8

With all the discussion that's going on about natural power for home use, no one yet seems to have expounded at length on one source of energy that's readily available to homesteaders: namely, the heat that goes up the old stovepipe. Seems a shame to let those calories get away ... especially when you think of them in terms of firewood and all the energy you've expended cutting it.   

Although I've never actually measured the B.t.u.'s roaring out the top end of a stovepipe, I have toasted bread (in about one second) and boiled pots of water in the hot blast from a small stove. Perhaps some thermal buff out there in MOTHER EARTH NEWSland would like to do the measurements on the quantity of heat that escapes up the flue . . . given various-sized stoves, different lengths and diameters of stovepipe and varying intensities of flame in the firebox. At any rate, while the rest of us are waiting for such a report, here are a few suggestions for utilizing some of that energy. 

[1] Use the stovepipe itself as a radiant heater, the way many pioneer builders did in New England, here in Ontario, and elsewhere. In a single-storied structure, put the stove at one end of the building and carry the pipe horizontally to the other end and then out. When there's more than one story, just run the vent straight up through the rooms above. Whatever you do, though, don't run your stovepipe up two feet and then outside.

[2] The Palace Grand in Dawson City, Yukon Territory has a unique (the owners claim) variation on Suggestion Number 1. Their device—which they call a double stove—is simply a large hot air chamber part way up the stovepipe that traps some of the escaping heat and radiates it into the room.



The model in Dawson is a bit complicated, and consists of a modified 45-gallon steel drum. I imagine that an unmodified steel drum would also work. Either version would be more efficient filled with pebbles or stones, which would absorb heat—sauna-style—and radiate it back even after the stove itself had burned low. Don't pack in the rocks very snugly, though, or you'll kill the draft.

[3] Instead of an air chamber, put a water tank on the stovepipe. This involves a little plumbing since you have to run the pipe through the middle of the water container. You'll need a tap at the bottom of the tank and some sort of inlet at the top (this could be as elaborate as a float valve hooked up to your main water source to keep the reservoir full automatically, or as simple as a movable lid that allows you to dump in replacement water by hand). There you are ... a convenient hot water supply.






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