Eating Cattails: An Essential (and Tasty) Foraging Skill

Edible plants like Typha latifolia make for great survival food as well as an everyday staple.

| November 12, 2012

  • Eating-On-The-Run-By-Fred-Demara
    “Eating on the Run” will equip you with a working knowledge of dozens of readily harvestable plants, grasses, nuts and berries that require little, if any, preparation. You will learn how to distinguish safe plants from toxic varieties, which parts of the plant are edible, and when and where you’re likely to find abundant supplies each season. Plus, the author shares delicious ways to enjoy the plants while on the move. 
    Cover Courtesy Paladin Press

  • Eating-On-The-Run-By-Fred-Demara

You may have a well-stocked survival pantry but don’t overlook the value of foraging knowledge. Fred Demara has put together a guide to North American wild plants that are great as survival food — plus some, like cattails, that are recommended for year-round consumption. Demara’s book Eating on the Run (Paladin Press, 2012) gives practical advice on these plants including identification, preparation methods and descriptions of taste. The following excerpt is on cattails, what Demara describes as "the found-everywhere, used-for-everything gourmet surivival provision." 

Buy this book from the MOTHER EARTH NEWS store: Eating on the Run.

Cattail is one of my favorite survival foods. It has been a staple of both Native American and rural European diets since prehistoric times. It’s a favorite of mine for survival because it is found literally all over the world, virtually every part of the plant is edible at some time, and at least one part is edible at any given time of year that you find it—plus it’s useful for shelter and other purposes. It is a good example of a food that is all around you. It’s a virtual shmoo plant: the common cattail. It’s not just for decorating autumn barn dances anymore—it’s what’s for dinner. If the only thing you take to heart from this book is that cattails will feed you, it could save your life. The cattail is a survival gimme. Typha latifolia, the common cattail, or one of its varieties, will be found all over the Northern Hemisphere. There is everything to like about this plant: it’s all edible (and tasty!), easy to identify, and easy to harvest. This makes it both a fine staple and an excellent survival food.

If I had to choose between surviving for a spell, barehanded, near a pond with catfish or one with cattails, I’d probably opt for the cattails, and not just because they are easier to catch with your hands. Sure, catfish are tasty and nutritious, but they’re only one kind of food; cattails provide many kinds of meals—also tasty and nutritious— plus you can lay up a supply for winter or for travel. They provide medicine, clothing, and shelter to boot. One of the greatest points in their favor is that you may find them anywhere in moist soil or standing water . . . yes, even around a good catfish pond.



Some dozen species of this grass (despite its looks, it’s a grass, but then so is bamboo) grow just about universally in the Northern Hemisphere and Australia, the most common and largest being Typha latifolia.

All perennials, they spread out in favorable habitats, creating an incredibly dense food resource because virtually every part of the plant is edible. And not just “edible” as in goat fodder that only Euell Gibbons could love, but tasty and very nutritious fare, from the buckwheat-like, high-protein pollen at the top to the vitamin-rich shoots, stalks, and young flowers in the middle to the starchy, high-carbohydrate rhizome network in the soil. Some part is edible at every time of year, and it’s always relatively easy to harvest, even barehanded. In spring, the first young shoots (corms) are tasty raw or cooked. As the shoots grow up, they are peeled and used like asparagus. Later, the female part of the flower (looks like a hotdog at the end of the stalk) may be boiled when immature and eaten like miniature corn on the cob.

Alicia Bayer
1/27/2019 10:07:38 AM

This was a great read and our family enjoys eating cattails too (generally the hearts of the stalks in spring and the pollen flour later in the season). I did want to note that it's incorrect when you say that cattail roots contain gluten. We have a child who is allergic to gluten so this worried me, since we planned to try cattail starch next year. I found a lot of sites that also said that cattails contain gluten but this seems to be a myth or a misunderstanding. I was able to find a research study where they analyzed cattail flour for gliadin (gluten) and verified that it contains none and is safe for celiacs. I put more information in our family foraging blog about it here: http://magicalchildhood.com/life/2019/01/27/cattail-starch-contain-gluten/.


Alicia Bayer
1/27/2019 10:07:37 AM

This was a great read and our family enjoys eating cattails too (generally the hearts of the stalks in spring and the pollen flour later in the season). I did want to note that it's incorrect when you say that cattail roots contain gluten. We have a child who is allergic to gluten so this worried me, since we planned to try cattail starch next year. I found a lot of sites that also said that cattails contain gluten but this seems to be a myth or a misunderstanding. I was able to find a research study where they analyzed cattail flour for gliadin (gluten) and verified that it contains none and is safe for celiacs. I put more information in our family foraging blog about it here: http://magicalchildhood.com/life/2019/01/27/cattail-starch-contain-gluten/.


wilhelmf
3/18/2014 7:31:20 PM

Not many books talk about foraging wild grasses. I haven't read the book, but it sounds like the author might have content many others lack.







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