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How to Attract Mason Bees: A Beneficial Pollinator

The mason bee is a great pollinator and can work blossoms at a lower temperature than honeybees.

| February 5, 2013

  • Blue mason resized
    Mason bees are so named because they pack mud into their nests, like brick masons.
    Illustration By Keith Ward

  • Blue mason resized

This article is part of our Organic Pest Control Series, which includes articles on attracting beneficial insects, controlling specific garden pests, and using organic pesticides.  

The Mason Bee (Osmia species)

In areas where cool temperatures limit honeybee activity during the spring blooming of fruit trees and blueberries, native mason bees are the pollinators that get the job done. Smaller than honeybees with dark bodies that often have a metallic sheen, mason bees can work blossoms at lower temperatures than honeybees. In much of North America, mason bees emerge when the redbuds bloom, with populations highest during apple blossom time.

Sometimes called orchard bees or blue orchard bees, most mason bees are solitary insects that nest in holes in trees, or in hollow stems of old elderberries, brambles or similar vegetation. Mason bees are so named because they pack mud into their nests, like brick masons.

Females are motivated to collect pollen because they include a ball of pollen with each egg they pack away into a mud-lined cell. After six weeks or so of busy pollen and mud collection, adult mason bees die and there is no further activity until the following spring. 



Mason Bees Are Prolific Pollinators  

Adult mason bees sip nectar as they gather pollen from a wide assortment of flowers, but they prefer to find good pollen sources within 300 feet of their nests.

Up to 1,500 blossoms per day must be visited to gather enough pollen to provision the next generation, so mason bees can be phenomenally efficient pollinators of fruits. Only three female mason bees can serve the pollination needs of a mature apple tree. 

BeeBear
6/13/2020 3:07:20 PM

It looks like some 50 mason bees, flying low to the ground over an area some 8 by 6 feet, above a lawn of violets, grass, oxalis, gill-over-the-ground. They don't seem to be pollinating anything (nothing is blooming there), and they are moving so fast, rarely resting. What are these insects doing? Could they be Mason Bees? There is a large ant colony next to this activity, but the bees don't seem to be over or interacting with the colony.


BeeBear
6/13/2020 3:07:12 PM

It looks like some 50 mason bees, flying low to the ground over an area some 8 by 6 feet, above a lawn of violets, grass, oxalis, gill-over-the-ground. They don't seem to be pollinating anything (nothing is blooming there), and they are moving so fast, rarely resting. What are these insects doing? Could they be Mason Bees? There is a large ant colony next to this activity, but the bees don't seem to be over or interacting with the colony.


cat
12/31/2014 5:08:28 PM

hey, stufflebeam, don't but your mason bees in the fridge! It's a common misconception that it's good for them, but your bees should stay from 50-60 degrees at least - the cold can kill them. Good luck!






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