Luscious Landscape Plants

Incorporate fruiting trees, shrubs and vines into your yard and you’ll enjoy the double benefits of a gorgeous landscape and luscious edible treats.

By Staff
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by Adobe Stock/Xalanx

Incorporate fruiting trees, shrubs and vines into your yard, and you’ll enjoy the double benefits of a gorgeous landscape and luscious edible treats. To determine the best plants for your site, you’ll want to consider several factors, including your desired yield and ornamental qualities, along with your particular location’s hardiness zone and available pollination (some plants need other plants nearby for pollination). For more information about landscaping with edible plants, see Turn Your Yard Into a Luscious Landscape and How to Select Fruit and Nut Trees.

Common name Latin name Yield Hardiness zones Pollination needs Landscape use Prominent ornamental qualities
Alpine strawberries Fragaria vesca 1/2 cup per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Ground cover or low border Low mounds or lines of greenery
Apple and crab apple Malus spp. 60 to 300 pounds per tree 3 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Apricot Prunus armeniaca var. armeniaca 150 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Most varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata 30 pounds per bush 3 to 7 Partially self-fertile Specimen shrub or hedge Leaves, fruits
Beach plum Prunus maritima Highly variable 3 to 8 Cross-pollination needed Part of shrub border Blossoms
Blackberry Rubus spp. 3 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Train along a fence or trellis, or tie up to a pole Blossoms, leaves
Blueberry, highbush Vaccinium corymbosum 7 pounds per plant 4 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Shrub border, foundation planting or hedge Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Blueberry, lowbush Vaccinium angustifolium 5 to 10 pounds per 100 square feet 3 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Ground cover Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Blueberry, rabbiteye Vaccinium asheii 15 pounds per plant 7 to 9 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Specimen shrub, foundation planting or hedge Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Cherry, cornelian Cornus mas 30 to 50 pounds per plant 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, fruits in summer, bark in winter
Cherry, Nanking Prunus tomentosa 15 to 25 pounds per bush 3 to 6 Cross-pollination needed Shrub border, hedge Blossoms in spring, fruits in early summer
Cherry, sweet Prunus avium 300 pounds per full-size tree 5 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Cherry, tart Prunus cerasus 100 pounds per tree 4 to 8 Self-fruitful Small specimen tree Blossoms
Currant, clove Ribes odoratum 4 to 8 pounds per shrub 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Shrub border, hedge Blossoms
Currant, red, white or pink Ribes petraeum, R. rubrum, R. sativum 3 to 10 pounds per shrub 3 to 7 Self-fruitful Hedge, foundation planting or espalier Blossoms, leaves in summer, fruits
Gumi Elaeagnus multiflora 10 pounds per shrub 4 to 9 Self-fruitful Hedge Leaves in summer, fruits
Grapes, European wine Vitis vinifera 10 to 30 pounds per vine 7 to 10 Self-fruitful Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Grapes, fox Vitis labrusca 10 to 30 pounds per vine 3 to 7 Self-fruitful Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Grapes, muscadine Vitis rotundifolia 10 to 30 pounds per vine 7 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Unknown 2 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form
Celtis australis Unknown 7 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form
Celtis laevigata Unknown 5 to 11 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form, leaves in fall
Celtis reticulata Unknown 4 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form
Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Unknown 3 to 8 Probably partially self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Foundation planting or mixed shrubbery Flowers
Juneberry (serviceberry, Saskatoon, shadbush) Amelanchier spp. 10 pounds per plant 3 to 8 Self-fruitful, except for white-fruited varieties Hedge or loose, naturalistic plantings, specimen trees or shrubs Blossoms, form of tree or shrub, fall color, bark in winter
Jujube Ziziphus jujuba 60 pounds per plant 6 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen plant or hedge Leaves in summer
Kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa 50 to 200 pounds per plant 7 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, golden A. chinensis 50 to 200 pounds per plant 8 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, hardy A. arguta 50 to 200 pounds per plant 4 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, super-hardy A. kolomikta 50 to 200 pounds per plant 3 to 7 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches,  variegated leaves, trunk (with age)
Lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea 5 to 10 pounds per 100 square feet 4 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Ground cover Evergreen leaves, flower (two seasons), fruits
Maypop Passiflora incarnata 12 fruits per plant 5 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Flowers
Medlar Mespilus germanica 20 pounds per tree 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen tree planted singly or in a mixed border Flowers, fall color of leaves
Mulberry, black Morus nigra 5 to 25 pounds per plant 7 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form
Mulberry, red Morus rubra 5 to 25 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form
Mulberry, white Morus alba 5 to 25 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Glossy leaves
Pawpaw Asimina triloba 25 pounds per plant 4 to 8 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Leaves all summer and in fall
Peach and nectarine Prunus persica 50 to 150 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Most varieties are self-fruitful Small specimen tree, mixed border Blossoms
Pear, European Pyrus communis 60 to 300 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall
Pear, Asian P. pyrifolia, P. ussuriensis, P. {x} bretschneideri 60 to 300 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall
Persimmon, oriental Diospyros kaki 40 to 400 pounds per tree 7 to 10 Some varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form, fruit
Persimmon, American Diospyros virginiana 50 to 100 pounds per tree 4 to 10 Some varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form, leaves in summer and fall, fruit
Plum, American hybrids Prunus spp. 50 to 100 pounds per tree Variable Cross-pollination needed Bushy tree Blossoms
Plum, European Prunus domestica 75 pounds per tree 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Specimen or shade tree Blossoms
Plum, Oriental Prunus salicina 75 pounds per tree 6 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Blossoms
Quince Cydonia oblonga 75 pounds per plant 5 to 9 Self-fruitful Small specimen tree or shrub, shrub border Blossoms, fruits
Raisin tree Hovenia dulcis 5 to 10 pounds per plant 6 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leafy form
Rose hips

prickly rose

Rosa acicularis 4 pounds per plant 2 to 9 Self-fruitful Shrub border Flowers, fruits

dog rose

Rosa canina 4 pounds per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits

sweetbriar rose

R. eglanterea 4 pounds per plant 4 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits

Moyes rose

R. moyesii 4 pounds per plant 5 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits, leaves in summer

rugose rose

R. rugosa 4 pounds per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, hedge Flowers, fruits

apple rose

R. villosa 4 pounds per plant 5 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, hedge Flowers, fruits
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia 20 pounds per plant 2 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen tree, large hedge Leaves in summer, fruits (‘King Red’)
Seaberry Hippophae rhamnoides 20 pounds per plant 3 to 7 Cross-pollination is needed Specimen hedge, shrub border Leaves in summer, fruits
Shipova {x} Sorbopyrus auricularis 50 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Probably self-fruitful Specimen tree Flowers, leaves in summer
Sorbus

sorb tree

Sorbus domestica 30 pounds per tree 6 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall

whitebeam

Sorbus aria 30 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits

Korean mountain ash

Sorbus alnifolia 30 pounds per tree 4 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits

Yu’s mountain ash

Sorbus yuana 30 pounds per tree 4 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Unknown 3 to 6 Self-fruitful Ground cover Evergreen leaves, fruits
  • Updated on Dec 30, 2021
  • Originally Published on Dec 30, 2009
Tagged with: edible, fruit, Landscape, Trees