Companion Vegetable and Herb Planting in Raised Rows

Grow high yielding organic gardens from Raised Rows.

| February 2018

Raised Row Gardening by Jim and Mary Competti, invites readers to try a new method of gardening. Jim and Mary Competti, created the Raised Row method to cut out tilling and reduce time spent weeding as they were short on time and money with full time jobs and small children at home. Learn how to build a Raised Row Garden and follow when figuring out where to plant seeds. The following excerpt is from Chapter 4, “Planting Your First Raised Row Garden in the Spring.”

The Raised Row Garden Crop Planting Guide

The guide below will provide you with information on how to plant the most common garden plants. It will also give you the quantity that a standard 20-foot (6-meter) long row can produce of a single crop. Because you may prefer to plant a variety of crops in a single growing row, we have also included plants that are recommended for planting together, and which ones to avoid planting next to each other.

Vegetables That Are Directly Seeded in the Garden


Plant arugula seeds in the early spring and again in late summer for a second crop. Plant three furrows in each growing row, one down the center of the row and two on either side, placed 4 inches (10 cm) away from center. Space your seeds every 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) apart, ½-inch (1 cm) deep. Arugula will germinate within seven to ten days and is ready to pick when the leaves are at least 2 inches (5 cm) in height for baby arugula and at least 6 inches (15 cm) for a mature harvest. Arugula prefers cool weather and will quickly grow vertically and begin to flower when it becomes too hot. You can pull out the plant once you notice a thick stalk emerging from the center and when the plant begins to bloom. Succession planting every two weeks allows you to increase your overall yield and extends the harvest period. Plant the middle strip first with 40 seeds, two weeks later plant an outer strip with an additional 40 seeds and, finally, two weeks later plant the other outer strip with a final 40 seeds. Companion plant with beans, carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, onion, potatoes and spinach. Avoid planting next to strawberries.


You can plant either bush beans, which don’t require a support trellis, or you can plant pole beans. Pole beans grow vertically and will require an external support or stake-a-cage (page 97) to grow on. Plant beans after danger of the last frost. Plant two furrows in your raised row, placing the seeds 3inches (7.5 cm) apart, 1 to 1½ inches (2.5 to 4 cm) deep. Bean plants provide nitrogen back into the soil as they mature, making them a gardener’s dream for soil rejuvenation. Companion plant with cabbage, carrots, cucumber, corn, peas, potatoes, radishes and strawberries. Avoid planting with garlic, leeks, onions and shallots.


Plant beets in cool weather when the soil temperature reaches 50˚F (10˚C). Plant seeds in four furrows at ½-inch (1-cm) depth, placed 2 inches (5 cm) apart. Thin seedlings to 3 inches (7.5 cm) apart. Harvest at any time. Beets can be succession planted to extend the growing season by planting one single furrow, and then two weeks later planting another furrow. Continue to plant furrows every two weeks until all four furrows have been planted. A second fall crop can be planted ten weeks before the anticipated first fall frost date. Companion plant with chives, garlic, onions, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, radishes and spinach. Avoid planting with beans and tomatoes.


Plant three furrows of carrot seeds four weeks before the last frost. Plant the seeds thickly ¼-inch (0.5-cm) deep and thin carrots to space every 3 inches (7.5 cm). Companion plant with beans, cabbage, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, tomatoes and radishes. Avoid planting with dill.

mother earth news fair 2018 schedule


Next: April 28-29, 2018
Asheville, NC

Whether you want to learn how to grow and raise your own food, build your own root cellar, or create a green dream home, come out and learn everything you need to know — and then some!