Go Solar! Get Solar Hot Water from a Kit

The Sunward solar hot water kit is a proven system that takes most of the guess work out of setting up a solar water heater — and might even give you additional storage space!

| December 2010/January 2011

  • solar hot water - finished shed
    When finished, collectors for the solar hot water were mounted on a shed located away from the house.
    PHOTO: BRYAN WELCH
  • solar hot water - shed foundation
    The collector needed to be mounted away from the house for optimal solar exposure. A gravel foundation was sufficient.
    BRYAN WELCH
  • solar hot water - shed frame
    The shed is custom-build with a timber frame, which is mounted on tge gravel footer.
    BRYAN WELCH
  • solar hot water - shed with collector
    The shed with collector mounted. Installation instructions for the collector are easy to follow.
    BRYAN WELCH
  • solar hot water - shed sheathed and roofed
    A sheath of Tyvek and metal roof wrap the frame.
    BRYAN WELCH
  • Solar Water Heater - conventional water heater
    The Sunward system works in conjunction with a standard tank (left), which provides backup hot water on cloudy days. 
    BRYAN WELCH

  • solar hot water - finished shed
  • solar hot water - shed foundation
  • solar hot water - shed frame
  • solar hot water - shed with collector
  • solar hot water - shed sheathed and roofed
  • Solar Water Heater - conventional water heater

When the "Go Solar!" battle cry first went up decades ago, handy folks with a knack for plumbing and carpentry put their skills to work designing custom systems that fit their precise solar vision. That adventure — of creating and installing cutting-edge energy technology — remains a draw for some homeowners today. The rest of us would rather skip the adventure and opt for a proven system, such as the Sunward solar hot water kit that Country Home Products offers. With factory mounts and prefabricated components, this kit will allow you to enjoy long, hot, and solar-powered showers in just a few weeks — without the challenges of designing and building a system from scratch. If you’d like some expert help with installation, you can even hire a certified installer.

The solar collectors of the new Sunward system capture heat and transfer it to glycol-filled tubes. The glycol then circulates through a heat exchanger in the hot water storage tank. Some systems use water to carry heat from the collectors, but water would freeze in winter in some climates unless there were a mechanism to drain it each time the temperature fell below freezing. A glycol-based system can be used in a wider range of climates.

Country Home Products designed its Sunward system for versatile installation, too. Customers can choose to mount the collectors on the roof or on a ground-based frame. The roof-mounted frame lies flush with your roof, so you’ll need a south-facing slope, and your collectors will likely be a little less efficient than they would be on a ground-mounted frame (unless you have a steep roof ). The closer the angle of the roof matches the angle of the sun, the more effective the system will be.

If you want to mount your collectors in a frame, you have a choice between a weatherproof steel rack and a timber frame rack. We chose the timber frame option and enclosed it as a shed.



The first thing you’ll notice when the truck delivers your Sunward system is that it’s big. Packed on a wooden pallet about 9 feet long with a 4-foot-tall backstop, it can’t be safely unloaded in one piece. Pretty much everything you’ll need comes in the package, including the collectors, heat exchanger, mounting hardware, framing, connectors, and glycol. To protect the components, make sure to tell the delivery driver to disassemble the package and unload the components one at a time. Even with a pallet loader, the huge package is unwieldy. After it’s on the ground, you’re ready to start the installation.

How the Solar Hot Water System Works

The most complicated aspect of the system is probably circulating the hot glycol between your house and the collector. Like many solar hot water systems, Sunward’s system is designed to supplement your existing water heater, so the heat exchanger and the 80-gallon hot water tank that comes with the kit need to be located near your existing water heater and tied into the existing tank. If you’ve chosen a roof-mounted collector, this means you’ll need to run glycol lines to the tank through the roof and the house. If you go with the ground-mounted option, you’ll need to bury tubing from the collector to the storage tank inside your house. Because the lines contain only glycol, you can lay them in a relatively shallow trench without worrying that they’ll freeze. Just be careful next time you plant a tree!

Bryan
1/5/2011 2:43:57 PM

If the solar heat exchanger were connected to the main tank, then you would never use non-solar energy to keep the tank warm. As this simple system is configured, you only draw the solar-heated water into the main tank when you are utilizing hot water in the house. If you go very long without running hot water, your conventional tank uses conventional energy to keep that water warm. We turned down our thermostat, which worked while the solar hot water was more than sufficient for the house, but when the short, cloudy days of winter arrived we needed to turn up the hot-water thermostat, which resulted in some unnecessary propane consumption on sunny days when we're not home. If the main tank were hooked to the exchanger, that the solar system would be keeping the water supply warm.


Dave M.
1/5/2011 2:15:47 PM

One sentence in this article could use a little more explanation: "The way this off-the-shelf system puts hot water in your pipes is simple, but it’s simple at the expense of efficiency." I take this to mean that this thermosiphon dump from an external heat exchanger into the top of the tank is not efficient? What would be the hot setup (pun intended)? An internal heat exchanger or some kind of pressurized delivery system for the heated water? A little more clarification, please, Bryan.


Bryan
12/9/2010 2:53:01 PM

Yes, it would probably be more efficient to put it on the roof. We have a shake roof we didn't want to disturb, that's the long and short of it. So it went in the yard. - Bryan







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