Vertical Gardening Techniques for Maximum Returns

You can improve yield, grow bigger vegetables, and make more efficient use of growing space through vertical gardening.


  • Vertical Gardening

    Photo by Unsplash/Alexis Blajan
  • Vertical Gardening
    Gardeners have invented or adapted a variety of implements to facilitate vertical gardening. Clockwise from top left: Rigid livestock panels do double duty as a fence and support for tomatoes, plus they can be bent to create an arched entry; saplings or bamboo poles are easy to use for pole bean tipis; pea tendrils love to cling to twiggy brush; and so-called “tomato” cages work better to support peppers and eggplants.
    ILLUSTRATION: ELAYNE SEARS
  • vertical gardening - tomato cage, bean trellis
    Most tomatoes need tall, sturdy supports; stiff wire used to reinforce concrete works well. Some crops climb using tendrils that can cling to netting or string. Other plants, such as beans, twine their stems around whatever they touch.
    ELAYNE SEARS

  • Vertical Gardening
  • Vertical Gardening
  • vertical gardening - tomato cage, bean trellis

Whether your garden is large or small, you can make better use of every square inch by using vertical gardening techniques to grow upright crops. Pole beans typically produce twice as many beans as bush varieties, and the right trellis can double cucumber yields. Then there are crops, such as tomatoes, that need some type of support to keep them above damp ground, where diseases have a heyday. All properly supported plants are easier to pick from and monitor for pests, plus you’ll get help from bug-eating birds that use trellises as hunting perches.

How Plants Climb

Plants that benefit from garden trellises use a variety of methods to cling to support, including curling tendrils, twining stems or, in the case of tomatoes, long, ropy branches that form roots in places that touch the ground.

Curling tendrils produced by peas and cucumber-family crops will twist around whatever is available, so you have plenty of versatility when supporting these crops. Tendrils cling to horizontal and vertical parts of a trellis, so netting woven from biodegradable string attached to posts often works well. Twining stems spiral around their support, growing steadily upward until they turn back on themselves — a growth habit seen in hops, pole beans, Malabar spinach, and yard long beans.

Twining stems have little use for horizontal lines, so they do best with trellises composed mostly of poles or an upright fence. 



Tomatoes like to throw themselves over their support. They must be trained and tied to an upright trellis, which isn’t as easy as growing them in wire cages. The larger, more robust the tomato plant, the more you need a sturdy tomato cage that provides support on all sides.

Temporary or Permanent?

In my experience, a truly sturdy upright garden trellis must be anchored by T-stakes or vertical 4-by-4 posts (or 3-inch-diameter saplings from the woods), sunk 18 inches deep. Installing this semi-permanent garden structure takes time and muscle. In my garden, the most versatile trellises are about 8 feet wide, stand 4 to 5 feet high, and are made of woven wire fencing or a livestock panel attached to two posts. Allowing 4 inches of clearance between the bottom of the fencing and the ground makes the area easier to weed and cultivate. The advantages of such a trellis are the ready availability of the structure each spring and the option to make an attractive permanent feature in the garden.

DruidJo
1/28/2021 11:50:55 AM

We have converted most of our gardening to raised beds because of age and the lack of children at home for free labor. I decided the second year we needed to make the trellis for plants permanent. We have lids that we use to keep the beds warm all year and we used welded wire on the bottom of them with plastic on the top. When the lids are lifted we hook them to the privacy fence and have trellis for whatever we choose to plant there each year. I love using welded wire fencing because it comes in a variety of sizes and is economical.


Natalie
5/23/2018 10:45:37 AM

I am having problems with my rhubarb, every Spring it starts off fine, but then quickly bolts or starts making large flowering tops, but no stalks for harvesting. How can I get my crops to create a nice stalk? Kathy


Linda
6/11/2014 9:22:00 AM

Some of the leaves on our tomato plants are turning yellow. The tomato plants are in hanging planters. Could the problem be too much water?







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