Building an Outhouse

If you're establishing a homestead in a remote area, building an outhouse is something you'll probably want to do in short order. A properly managed privy is at least as healthful for people and land as a septic system.

| March/April 1972

  • building an outhouse - dig pit
    For the pit outhouse, dig an excavation that measures 3 1/2 feet x 3 1/2 feet and is five feet deep. This hole may later be cribbed in, but the cribbing is not absolutely essential.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - forms for concrete
    Build a wooden form in which you can pour a concrete ring sill that is four inches thick, with outside dimensions of 4'10" X 4'10" and that has a hole in its center measuring 3'8" X 3'8".
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - surface outhouse
    You can choose between pit-style or surface style when building an outhouse. This is a surface outhouse.
    ILLUSTRATION: MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - side vents
    This version of the outhouse had screened, adjustable side vents for air flow.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health3
    Plans for the riser from the Texas Community Sanitation Handbook.
    TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health3
    Form for casting concrete slab. From the Texas Community Sanitation Handbook.
    TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health4
    An outhouse frame as presented in the Texas Department of Health's now out of print Texas Community Sanitation Handbook. Note the door space is offset rather than centered.
    TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health2
    Three quarters view, from the Texas Community Sanitation Handbook.
    TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
  • building an outhouse - frame and roof vent
    The outbuilding should be framed in with 2 x 4's and a vent built for the pit. This vent may extend above the roofline as shown, or merely run out the back of the house.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - plans for seat
    This illustration shows a suggested seat and lid for either the wooden or concrete riser.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health
    Cross-sectional view of the Texas department of health outhouse.
    TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
  • building an outhouse - ring on pit
    Center your concrete ring atop the pit. Next, build a second form in which a slab of concrete four feet square and 2 1/2" to 3" thick may be poured. If this slab is poured flat, a wooden riser box with cover will have to be constructed and mounted on the slab later. The riser may also be made of concrete and poured as part of the stab. All concrete should be suitably reinforced with steel rod, with eye and anchor bolts embedded in the sill and slab as needed.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF

  • building an outhouse - dig pit
  • building an outhouse - forms for concrete
  • building an outhouse - surface outhouse
  • building an outhouse - side vents
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health3
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health3
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health4
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health2
  • building an outhouse - frame and roof vent
  • building an outhouse - plans for seat
  • building an outhouse - texas department of health
  • building an outhouse - ring on pit

One of the very first and most important buildings needed on a remote homestead is a privy, which isn't as complicated to construct and maintain as you might have imagined. Both the surface privy and the pit outhouse are simple, straightforward, and easy to understand. As long as you follow some general rules for building an outhouse, you can hardly go wrong modifying either type to suit your own particular materials, skill, or location.

A properly managed privy is at least as healthful for people and land as a septic system and is far more than a place to evacuate waste. Ours is a sanctuary in which to be quiet with no one to ask why you aren't busy; to think or read with no one waiting to get in to shave; to watch a small, pretty piece of the day pass outside (one of the clapboards on our outhouse has a crack that's perfect for viewing through, like Arctic sunglasses). It's a place where body and self are at peace with the rest of the natural world.

Old homestead backhouses were typically screened by a spreading lilac and "going out to smell the lilacs" has long been a useful euphemism in our family. Our antique accommodation was also christened "The Reading Room" by my father for its quantity of old catalogs and magazines and it is next to impossible—while selecting a page of the right texture not to get interested in an article from an old Ohio Farmer or Saturday Review.

To make a page useful beyond its own printed words, we always crush and roll it in our hands. That softens the paper and distributes pressure. Even slick, colored pages can be made fairly efficient and safe this way. Newspapers are better aged until the ink is thoroughly dry. Old telephone books are splendid. For that matter, no one will disqualify you for using commercial toilet paper in an outhouse. It doesn't provide much in the way of reading matter but it is comfortable and does disintegrate rapidly.



I suppose open-pit privies are necessary for the great numbers of people who visit parks and other remote locations, but I find such designs disagreeable. Our old Reading Room located on a gentle hillside of sandy loam is kept healthy by earth, air, bacteria and regular doses of ashes or lime.

Wood ashes are best. If every use of an outhouse is topped by a cupful of them, the building will always have sweet earth smell with never an odor. Coal and trash ashes are almost as good. Superfine agricultural quicklime does a fair job too if you don't mind the strong smell of lime hovering around.

T BRANDT
12/3/2011 5:04:50 PM

I saw the humor in your comment. You're also right about the rarity of those diseases and it's not like that pit is going to be the only breeding pool for mosquitos on the property. Then again, John's comment is perfectly true, too. The TreeHuggers can always ease their consciences by using olive oil if they feel a need to supress the bugs. It would work just as well.


JOHN SEALANDER
12/2/2011 4:40:07 PM

OH pleeeese! I hardy think that 2.28 gallons of Kerosene per YEAR, as an effective and relatively benign insecticide, qualifies as "addictive use of petroleum products". Particularly when the average American uses 2.8 gallons of petroleum per DAY (CIA Factbook, 2003 data) That's 2 barrels per person per month (it's a 42 gallon barrel) or 1022 gallons annually. You're objecting to 2 one thousands of a percent increase in annual usage? Really? On our farm we use less than 35 gallons of gasoline per year for our tilling and material transport (with a lawn tractor and trailer), chain saw, weed eater, etc; produce a large amount of our own food (including meat), including some to sell at the Farmer's Market. Since one barrel of sweet crude produces about 20 gallons of gasoline, how many barrels did you burn through last year in your car? Mostly we buy sugar, salt, cooking oil and some other food basics at the grocery and are more self-reliant and independant of 'the system' than most folks. Give us all a break...Petroleum products will never 'go away'; I would be delighted to use something less poisonous that will break down into it's carbon basis and safely recycle that human waste on my fields. And terrible diseases are only rare when you're not the one getting them. My hat's off to the author for some really useful information. Learn to love carbon, it's who you are!


tmjoint young
12/2/2011 12:16:11 PM

C'mon... Kerosene? Gotta get away from the addictive use of petroleum products. Caulk the thing well and deal with some bugs. Besides... the diseases you mention are rarely if ever in North America.







Mother Earth News Fair Schedule 2019

MOTHER EARTH NEWS FAIR

Next: February, 16-17 2019
Belton, TX

Whether you want to learn how to grow and raise your own food, build your own root cellar, or create a green dream home, come out and learn everything you need to know — and then some!

LEARN MORE








Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price

Money-Saving Tips in Every Issue!

Mother Earth NewsAt MOTHER EARTH NEWS, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues.

Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
International Subscribers - Click Here
Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST).


Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter flipboard
Free Product Information Classifieds

}