Create Electricity from Manure with a Methane Digester

Learn how a methane digester creates electricity from manure.
By the MOTHER EARTH NEWS editors
May/June 1970
Add to My MSN

In the engine diagonal pipes carry hot  water from the radiator to coils in the tank outside, thereby heating liquid to 95 degrees Fahrenheit and speeding "digestion" of manure.
MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
Slideshow


Content Tools

Related Content

Petroleum Products Preferable to Biodegradable Plastics? Say It Isn't So

A new study has found that biodegradable plastic's rapid rate of decomposition could cause the relea...

Complete Biogas: Food Waste and Biogas, Part 2

Wasting food in the U.S., making biogas, and using food waste to do it ... (Let's not waste all that...

Renewable Energy on the Farm

There are many ways farmers can benefit from renewable energy, including wind energy, solar energy, ...

Complete Biogas: Food Waste and Biogas, Part 1

There’s a gold mine out back of your local restaurant in the form of wasted food. Learn to think lik...

Reprinted with special permission from the May,1963 FARM JOURNAL,Inc. 

Make electricity front hog manure? You're kidding!

No, honest . . . I've just visited a farm where they're doing it. The owner is Dr. George W. Groth, Jr., who maintains 1,000 hogs in confinement on his ranch in San Diego County, Calif.

They make the 10-kilowatt generator hum by capping a liquid manure pit — to trap the "sewer" gas — and tying it to a gas engine. "There's just about the right amount of electricity to pump our water and run the heat lamps for the baby pigs," says Dr. Groth.

As the system stands, Groth has right at $2,000 invested, including labor and the $800 he shelled out for a war-surplus generator. Converting the generator to "hog power" was simple. All it took was a natural gas carburetor plus a frill or two to increase efficiency.

For example, hot water from the engine's cooling system circulates through 300 feet of copper tubing coiled inside the liquid manure pit. It maintains a 90 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit temperature in the pit. "You get maximum 'digestion' of the manure at that temperature," says Groth. A small pump which runs off the fan belt pulley circulates the radiator water.

The two barrels are half-filled with water to hold the cover in place when the pit really becomes gassy. The inlet from the hog house to the 6,000-gallon tank is a 4-inch pipe which enters the pit about half way down one side. The outlet is on the opposite side and lower than the inlet.

A complete digestion cycle takes about 20 days, but once under way, the process is continuous. The manure breaks down first into simple organic compounds such as acids and alcohols. Then, in the absence of air, it breaks down further into water, carbon dioxide and methane gas. With the generator idling alongside, the digestion process is punctuated with burps, gurgles and a foaming action like that with household detergents.

Besides the electricity, there are two obvious benefits: First, there are practically no flies; second, hardly any odor.

Although Dr. Groth's hog manure power plant may be the first one in this country, the idea isn't brand new. Similar systems have been tried on such fuel-short continents as Asia and Africa.

What about bedding in the manure? "Straw slows the digestion process," answers Dr. Grout.

Other animal manures? He doesn't know. As it stands, once-a-day cleaning of the hog house hasn't yet over-taxed his liquid manure pit. In fact, the pit is surprisingly efficient.

"So little of the manure is left over that you wonder what happens to it," says Dr. Groth.








Post a comment below.

 








Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 66% Off the Cover Price

First Name: *
Last Name: *
Address: *
City: *
State/Province: *
Zip/Postal Code:*
Country:
Email:*
(* indicates a required item)
Canadian subs: 1 year, (includes postage & GST). Foreign subs: 1 year, . U.S. funds.
Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
Non US and Canadian Subscribers - Click Here

Lighten the Strain on the Earth and Your Budget

MOTHER EARTH NEWS is the guide to living — as one reader stated — “with little money and abundant happiness.” Every issue is an invaluable guide to leading a more sustainable life, covering ideas from fighting rising energy costs and protecting the environment to avoiding unnecessary spending on processed food. You’ll find tips for slashing heating bills; growing fresh, natural produce at home; and more. MOTHER EARTH NEWS helps you cut costs without sacrificing modern luxuries.

At MOTHER EARTH NEWS, we are dedicated to conserving our planet’s natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. That’s why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.00 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.00 for 6 issues.