Permanent agriculture map of homestead areas. Windbreak and privacy plantings (mixed double rows of hemlock or white pine and hybrid poplar, third row of shrubs — autumn olive, blueberry, or flowering quince — to close off gaps near ground): protection from road and from northwesterly winter winds. Climbing vine (wild clematis, hardy kiwi): northeast wind protection. Herb and salad garden in protected spot near house. Solar addition (glass-enclosed porch): additional living space, winter heating, firewood storage, and vegetable production (vented in summer). New steps: easy access to garden. Tap-rooted deciduous shade trees (hickory): summer shade and winter sun for sunspace. Worm bed/rabbit hutch combination: meat and high-quality compost (near house for easy disposal of kitchen scraps, near garden for convenient application of compost). Salad and flower garden. Main crop garden on fertile bottomland, irrigated from creek, spring, or house. Berry patch and goose range (solar-powered electric fence): strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, wineberries in rows along contour, grassy weeds controlled by geese. Chicken range/garden (hedged with Siberian pea shrub, bordered with comfrey — in protective cages — for chicken forage): two runs used alternately for poultry and produce (garden enriched by discarded goat and fowl bedding). Barn: housing for 3 goats, 20 chickens, 6 geese plus greenhouse for growing green winter feed (thermal water wall used for summer irrigation). Spring: water for livestock and irrigation. Goat range (solar-powered electric fence) Privacy planting along roadway (original honeysuckle and multiflora rose plus newly planted hybrid poplar and bamboo): wildlife habitat and erosion control. Dwarf fruit tree orchard along contour, additional pasture for expanded goose flock. Winter airlock entry: reduce heat loss from house. Upgraded insulation in house (weatherstripping, caulking, thermal curtains.) Gutters added to house: rainwater stored in cistern for irrigation use. Grassy parking area.
ILLUSTRATION: MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF