An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide

For a healthy, thriving garden, consult this companion planting guide when you're deciding what seeds to put where.

| May/June 1981

  • companion planting guide
    A companion planting guide is almost a necessity for gardeners when there are so many types of fruits and vegetables to choose from.
    Photo by Getty Images/valentinrussanov
  • Basil makes a great planting companion for most garden crops.
    Photo by Getty Images/diane555
  • Flowers, herbs, and vegetable crops alike can benefit from each other during the growing process.
    PHoto by Getty Images/maximili

  • companion planting guide

A companion planting guide such as this one will show you which vegetables and flowers support or inhibit the growth of other plants and/or which pests they deter.


Plant near: most garden crops
Keep away from: rue
Comments: improves the flavor and growth of garden crops, especially tomatoes and lettuce. Repels mosquitoes.

Beans, Bush

Plant near: beets, cabbage, carrots, catnip, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, marigolds, potatoes, savory, strawberries
Keep away from: fennel, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: potatoes and marigolds repel Mexican bean beetles. Catnip repels flea beetles.

Beans, Pole

Plant near: corn, marigolds, potatoes, radishes
Keep away from: beets, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: same as for bush beans.


Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, bush beans, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kohlrabi, onions
Keep away from: charlock, field mustard, pole beans


Plant near:  squash, strawberries, tomatoes
Keep away from:
Comments: repels tomato worms. Improves flavor and growth of companions.

3/13/2019 11:27:45 AM

Very nice introduction to companion planting. I teach the 5 components of companion planting; spacial, botanical, biological, nutrient cycling, succession and rotation. I have more info on my blog; ; and in my book, Radical Regenerative Gardening and Farming.

2/17/2019 1:14:28 PM

In answer to Kit6 from 6/14/2018 Bohnenkraut is Summer Savory.

2/14/2019 12:38:56 AM

One of the most important things I did was apply dolomite and limestone to my soils, I already do the square foot garden in raised beds full of rabbit compost, but plants lose minerals through successive harvests, and calcium should be 68% of the soil minerals, and magnesium should be 12-20% of soil minerals for optimal growth, Dolomite is Ca/Mg and limestone is Ca/60 minerals. Joel Wallach advocates spreading wood ashes on the garden but forgot to mention, to do this AFTER you leach out the lye (which you can then use to make liquid soap>) I learned this the hard way as I killed a tree. But wood ashes are likely to have more of the minerals we so need. But in his books, Rare Earths Forbidden Cures, and Epigenetics, and Immortality, he has a huge listing of the 60 minerals, what research has shown some of them to do, and what rocks had the best amounts, ---limestone was one of the top rocks. Now it wouldn't be too helpful for us, but the microbes in a good compost help the plants to uptake these minerals in their roots, and their availability allow the plants to make a better quality protein, more vitamins, the minerals in the crop of course and help them make hormones that resist insects and the ability to resist disease.


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