Real Estate Law Questions

A real estate law expert takes reader questions on conservation land taxes, easement land use, and what is permitted or prohibited under a land sales contract.

| August/September 1998

  • 168-reat-estate-law-01-cover.jpg
    Depending on the applicable real estate law in his area, a farmer can arrange to have his agricultural land taxed at a significantly lower rate than the residential land next to him.
  • 168-real-estate-law-USA-map-72dpi.jpg
    Map shows areas of the U.S. where quality farmland is vulnerable to development or relatively safe from development.

  • 168-reat-estate-law-01-cover.jpg
  • 168-real-estate-law-USA-map-72dpi.jpg

The following questions about real estate law were submitted by readers across the U.S. 

Conservation Land Taxes

In 1981, we bought 40 acres on top of a mesa and then ten acres on one side to get a road up. It was classified rural and had state land on the lower end of the mesa. In 1993 and 1994, we bought three other parcels around the rocky face of the mesa, for a total of 120 acres. The population of the area has been increasing rapidly and recently a nationwide land developer bought a 6,500 acre ranch to the west and has been selling it as high priced ranchos. As a result, our property valuation for tax purposes just increased 400% in one year. The land we purchased is the rocky side of the mesa, which is not suitable for building. Also, there is no water (three dry wells), no electricity, and a very poor jeep road. 

We've heard it is possible to recombine land parcels into a whole and designate it conservation land to stem runaway tax values and preserve it from development. The alternative would force us to sell the land to the developer because we couldn't afford to stay. It is a very special place and deserves to be protected, particularly since it is visible for miles around. 

Can you tell us if a conservation area is do-able in Arizona? What would be required and how would we go about it? What might the tax savings be? Thank you very much for this and other great work you are doing. 

—Gwendellyn McKnight
China Valley, AZ

Your mesa sounds both stark and very beautiful. It is a shame, but whenever land is sold in volume for higher prices, it always drives up the value and consequent land taxes for nearby parcels. Upon checking with the assessor's office in Yavapai County where your land is located, it came to light that unlike some states, Arizona has no conservation land tax break. However, there is a considerable tax break for land that is used for agricultural purposes. To qualify for this tax rating, the land must be used for legitimate profitable agricultural purposes and not as hobby land or recreation only. Your land might be utilized as grazing land to meet this qualification. Non-desert grazing land may be taxed at $7.56 per acre, and desert land, as yours appears to be, as low as $3.50 per acre, or less. To apply for this tax classification, you must produce livestock or lease your land to a rancher. The production should be consistent with the land. For example, if you lease your land for grazing you need only to lease it for the number of livestock units that the land will support. It is not necessary to overgraze the piece in order to qualify, but the lease must be at fair market value, not simply a nominal amount you levy in an attempt to lower the taxes.

Judah H
1/23/2009 4:11:18 AM

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan that is being pushed forward by President Barack Obama will surely benefit most consumers. But how can he be able to hit his goal of economic recovery if others would disagree with it? Yesterday, he unveiled his American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan. Republicans agreed with it by and large, but disagreed about giving handouts to states to bolster revenue. Democratic leaders disagreed with the economic stimulus by saying that the tax breaks and tax incentives in the plan won't encourage spending, even if it does get cash into the hands of working Americans and possibly keep them from getting a payday loan. President Bush's tax stimulus last year didn't have a great effect either, and they claim that the new stimulus plan will probably make about the same impact. To read more about reaction to Obama’s economic plan, visit

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