Inexpensive, fun, and yielding delicious results, foraging for local, natural plants is gaining popularity across the nation. Experienced foraging guide Leda Meredith has written The Forager’s Feast (The Countryman Press, 2016) to break down everything you might need to know about the sensation. Learn to identify edible plants in the wild, how to harvest them without harming the growing plant, and try some original recipes while you’re at it!
You can purchase this book from the MOTHER EARTH NEWS store: The Forager’s Feast.
Chicken of the Woods/Sulphur Shelf
This is the gateway mushroom for many novice foragers. Bright yellow-orange and often growing halfway up a tree, it is easy to spot and hard to mistake for anything else. It is also one of the tastiest edible wild mushrooms when in good condition.
Although there are several shelf mushrooms foragers call “chicken,” including a mostly white one, Laetiporus sulphureus is the easiest to spot. It grows on oak and occasionally other hardwoods in eastern North America, primarily in summer and autumn, but occasionally in spring or winter as well. There are other similar looking and also edible Laetiporus mushrooms that grow in other parts of North America. The host trees vary from species to species. For instance, L. gilbertsonii is a West Coast species that grows on eucalyptus as well as oak.
Chicken of the woods mushrooms only grow on wood, and that is part of their identification. But I have seen chicken mushrooms that looked like they were growing on a lawn because there was a log buried just beneath the surface.
Laetiporus sulphureus fruiting bodies can grow nearly 2 feet across and are usually many individual caps arranged in a shelf-like or rosette formation. These caps are up to an inch thick and have yellow pores on their undersides (there are no gills). The upper surface is bright orange or yellow in young specimens, fading with maturity and exposure to direct light. It has a suede-like texture.
There are no stems on chicken of the woods mushrooms. If you break one of the caps open, the flesh is white to pale yellow, moist in young chickens, becoming crumbly with age.
Although many mushrooms have essential, symbiotic relationships with trees, chicken of the woods is a parasitic mushroom that can eventually kill its host tree. You are not endangering the fungus by harvesting its fruiting bodies (the part that we eat). By the time you spot a chicken of the woods mushroom, its mycelium has already done irreparable damage to the tree. It can often be found on the stumps and logs of trees, as well.
Harvest by slicing off the mushrooms near the base. It’s best to harvest them when they are young and tender, but there are uses even for the older, drier ones (see below).
Prime chicken of the woods mushrooms are young enough that their flesh is still moist and has a spongy but firm feel. They are absolutely delicious sautéed, fried, or simmered in stews. (Note that all wild mushrooms should be cooked.)
Older chicken of the woods mushrooms are often unnecessarily passed up by foragers. It’s true that their chalky texture never becomes tender and moist, no matter how much liquid is in your recipe or how long you cook them. But once dehydrated and ground in an electric grinder, you’ve got a powder packed full of fantastic mushroom flavor that is excellent added to risotto and other dishes.
To try one of those dishes yourself, see Meredith's recipe for Chicken of the Woods Pasta Sauce Recipe.
More from The Forager's Feast:
Reprinted with permission from The Forager’s Feast: How to Identify, Gather, and Prepare Wild Edibles by Leda Meredith, published by The Countryman Press, a division of W.W. Norton & Company, 2016. Buy this book from our store: The Forager’s Feast.