Solving Solar Greenhouse Insect Infestations

Nancy Bubel shares information on dealing with pesky solar greenhouse insect infestations, including how to eliminate whiteflies, aphids, spider mites, pillbugs and slugs from your greenhouse plants.

| November/December 1986

Here's a rundown on insect infestations that have bugged my greenhouse. (In general, insect problems are worst in midwinter when I can't vent as much as I should.) 

Solving Solar Greenhouse Insect Infestations

Whiteflies are notorious pests. For best control, trap them on yellow cards or boards coated with something sticky like Vaseline or Tanglefoot. (Whiteflies are attracted to the color yellow.) I buy Sticky Strips — gooey-surfaced pieces of plastic — from a greenhouse supplier and poke them into the soil around my plants.

When whiteflies badly infested my cucumber and Chinese cabbage vines, I achieved fairly good control by spraying them with Safer's insecticidal soap. (Other gardeners use Basic H or mild household soap.) Test the solution on a single plant first to be sure your crop isn't sensitive to it. Because whitefly eggs hatch 10 days after they're laid, apply the soap every 7 to 10 days for several weeks to control succeeding generations.

Phosphorus or magnesium soil deficiencies can promote whitefly infestations. Apply wood ashes or bonemeal to add phosphorus, and dolomite limestone for magnesium.

Aphids are less active than whiteflies, but just as damaging. They often attack plants dosed with too much nitrogen. If you overdo the manure tea, dig in some sawdust; as it rots, it'll absorb some of the excess N. (Don't use cedar, walnut, or redwood sawdust — these contain plant toxins.) Soap sprays kill aphids, but also harm beneficial insects. For a safer treatment, hose the soft-bodied pests off your plants. Immature ladybugs (you can buy them by mail) gorge on aphids. According to Doc Abraham, daddy longleg spiders eat aphids and other insect larvae.

Spider mites bother plants, such as ornamentals, that are shifted from house to greenhouse. Infested plants may have mottled foliage and a skimpy, delicate webbing among their leaves. Since the mites like a hot, dry climate, your best defense is to mist and ventilate the greenhouse. During severe insect infestations, try swabbing the leaves (undersides, too) with a half-and-half mixture of water and rubbing alcohol. Test it first, though, to be sure it won't harm your plants. To help prevent the problem, be sure to supply your soil with calcium (limestone or crushed eggshells will do the trick).

1/21/2008 10:54:07 AM


1/21/2008 10:51:25 AM

Hi thanx alot for your advice! that was really helpful!

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