Local Self-Reliance: Urban Energy Self-Sufficiency

Cities can derive as much benefit from energy self-sufficiency as people living in rural areas.

| July/August 1979

We often hear of homesteaders who install solar systems or wood stoves to achieve energy self-sufficiency. But one of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance's studies has shown that city dwellers can, like their country cousins, go a long way toward achieving such a goal for themselves!

A Big City Concern

The cost of energy has rapidly become a major item in all urban budgets. Using Washington, D.C. as a case study, the Institute found that the city spent $601 million on energy in 1977. In fact, the District government used more money to purchase "power" than it budgeted for its entire court system! Worse than that, 86¢ out of every one of those energy dollars left the local economy, never to return, and only 3¢ of the remaining 14¢ went directly into the pockets of District residents in the form of wages and salaries. (This kind of "trade deficit" can rapidly drain the treasury of even the wealthiest community!)

A reduction in the amount of such "exported" money could have multiple benefits for a metropolis because energy conservation efforts and solar installations produce far more jobs dollar for dollar than do investments in nuclear power plants and oil refineries. On top of that, the jobs created by "alternative" programs provide opportunities for both skilled and semiskilled workers. (In Washington, where half of the city's teenage blacks are unemployed, such labor opportunities could be really valuable!)

Perhaps the biggest benefit of urban energy self-sufficiency, however, is that investments in power conservation or solar technology tend to create and nurture small, locally based businesses. In Washington, for example, the "energy efficiency industries"—such as insulation firms—could provide a 45% cut in present "power" use (excluding transportation) while occupying several times the city's current energy-related work force. And those dollars that formerly left the city could be spent within the District to the benefit of its citizens.

Such a route is not just an idealistic dream either, because after reviewing information on energy consumption in the nation's capital, the Institute estimates that the city could (without affecting lifestyles or standards of living) reduce its present "power diet" by 50%. (The complete report is available from the Institute for $13.)

Clean Solar Cities

Energy self-reliance, however, means a city must generate its own power supply as well as reduce its consumption of "imported" energy. Naturally, the potential for solar technology in any given city depends upon the ratio of available collector space to living space.

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