Cannabis Chemistry Components

Make an informed decision by learning about the chemistry components of cannabis including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and more.

| January 2021

cannabis
Photo by Adobestock/soruepotok

Find CBD and resources in our MOTHER EARTH NEWS Natural Health store.

Cannabinoids of Cannabis

To date, 120 types of cannabinoids have been able to be identified. Based on their chemical structure, most can be divided into ten large groups, of which the main five are cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidiol (CBD), delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabinol (CBN). The other five are delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), cannabinodiol (CBND), and cannabitriol (CBTL). Besides these constituents, combinations of constituents in mixed form have also been identified. Each of the above groups includes several types of cannabinoids that are distinguished from one another by the length of the carbon chain making up these molecules. Thus, more than ten types of cannabinoids belong to the delta-9-THC group, which is the most common form of THC.



As a general rule, only three or four types of different cannabinoids are present in a significant concentration in each plant, while the other types are present only in minute amounts or are not present at all. The varieties of cannabis termed psychotropic contain high levels of delta-9-THC, ranging from 1 to 25 percent, while the CBD content is lower, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 percent. In the cannabis destined for textiles, on the other hand, the level of CBD is higher, varying on average from 0.5 to 2 percent, while the THC content is considerably lower. The European Union authorizes a maximum level of THC of 0.2 percent in textile hemp, to avoid any use for psychotropic purposes; in the United States, as stated earlier, the level of THC in hemp cannot exceed 0.3 percent. Certain types of textile hemp also contain a significant amount of CBG.

chemistry-structure
Figure above The main cannabinoids of cannabis are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidol (CBD). Illustration provided by Park Street Press






computer

MOTHER EARTH NEWS FAIR ONLINE

All-Access
Learn from Home!

Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health – Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As.

LEARN MORE






Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price

50 Years of Money-Saving Tips!

Mother Earth NewsAt MOTHER EARTH NEWS for 50 years and counting, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues.

Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
International Subscribers - Click Here
Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST).


Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter flipboard

Free Product Information Classifieds Newsletters