The Old Time Farm Magazines: Starting a Vineyard, Making a Better Chicken Trough, and Horse Care

Read articles from old farm magazines that give advice on starting a vineyard, making a better chicken trough, and horse care.

| July/August 1973

Here are two more pages of old-timey information taken from issues of SUCCESSFUL FARMING and THE FARM JOURNAL dated 1898 to 1908.

Trap Nests

The trap nest will show what hens lay and which hens lay certain eggs, thus enabling the breeder to know just what he is doing. Trap nests require some attention in the way of keeping records and releasing hens but if in the business for profit it will pay to try these nests. The cut, Image 1, herewith shown gives a practical plan for a trap nest recommended by the Ontario Agricultural college.(Click on the "Image Gallery" for this illustration and all other images in this article.) Note that the door is so adjusted that the hen upon entering brushes against it slightly, and thus raising it, allows the hook (C) to drop back, releasing the door. Nest is 12 inches tide, 12 inches high, and 15 inches long. The door (A) is made, of very light material, so that it will be pushed upward as the hen enters the nest. To set the nest, the door is raised and the hook caught slightly under one of the slats. See illustration.

The cut, Image B, shows another trap nest almost as easy to make as a common nest. taking up not a whit more room. In fact. it is the common nest, with either a circular or square opening in front, but with a front of very thin, light stuff pivoted over the top as shown. A wire runs front one side across the opening, when the nest is "set" the outer end of the wire resting against a bit of tin, or other smooth metal, projecting out from the board. To enter the nest the hen presses in under the wire, lifts up the loose end, when the thin front slips down into place behind her, shutting her into the dark nest.

Starting a Vineyard

In the famous "Chautauqua Grape Belt" where the grape is grown in as near perfect condition as in any part of the country, we have found the leading varieties to be the Moore's Early, Worden and Campbell's Early that ripen early; the Concord, Moore's Diamond, and Niagara that ripen about the middle of September, and the Late Catawba that ripens during October and is kept for winter table use.

To prepare the ground for a vineyard, plow late in the fall into strips nine feet wide, harrow, then plow again early in the spring and leave the dead furrow about seven inches deep, this furrow serves for the row and the vines are set nine feet apart in the row, thus forming squares nine feet each way.

Set a small stake by the side of each vine to mark the place and to prevent the horse from walking on the row while cultivating. After being set in the furrow the ground should be worked to the row until the ridge along the row is two or three inches higher than the center of the row, this makes it easy to cultivate toward the center of the row and the ridge can then be removed and the weeds killed, after which the soil should again be worked toward the row to protect the vines from the cold weather and to prevent water standing around the roots during wet weather.

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