30 Medicinal Herbs and Common Uses

Look at any list of medicinal herbs and you're likely to see some familiar plants. Below are a few examples of common herbs and conditions they might be used to treat. (For more on growing and using medicinal herbs, read Homegrown Medicine.)

*Plants designed at risk for overharvesting by United Plant Savers. 


Blackberry (Rubus villosus) Treat sore throat
*Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) Treat premenstrual discomfort
Calendula (Calendula officinalis) Heal wounds
Cayenne (Capsicum annuum) Prevent peptic ulcers
Chamomile, German (Matricaria recutita) Encourage digestion
Cleavers (Galium aparine) Reduce inflammation
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Treat bruises, sprains
Crampbark (Viburnum opulus) Relax muscles
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Diuretic
*Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) Stimulate immune system
Elder (Sambucus nigra) Treat cold symptoms
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Encourage digestion
Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) Treat motion sickness
*Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) Reduce inflammation
Gumweed (Grindelia spp.) Treat cold symptoms
Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacanthus) Promote heart health
Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) Treat sore throat
Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) Stimulate digestion
Mullein (Verbascum spp.) Treat sore throat
Nettle (Urtica spp.) Diuretic
Peppermint (Mentha piperita) Stimulate digestion
*Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata) Treat urinary track infections
Plantain (Plantago lanceolata or P. major) Heal wounds
St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Treat depression
Scullcap (Scutellaria spp.) Ease muscle tension
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Sleeping disorders
Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus) Treat prementrual discomfort
Willow Bark (Salix alba) Treat osteoarthritis
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Reduce inflammation
Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Stimulate digestion

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