Common Dairy and Beef Cattle of North America

Learn detailed information about the dairy and beef cattle breeds most commonly raised in the U.S.

| May/June 1975

The animals shown in the image gallery are examples of the breeds of beef cattle most commonly raised in the U.S. All have been specially bred to produce large amounts of meat at low cost. Actually, much of the beef marketed in this country comes from dairy cattle: unpromising heifers, unproductive cows, and males not wanted for breeding. Bull calves raised for food are castrated for safer handling and improved meat. Steers of any breed can also be trained as work animals . . . in which case they're called oxen.

Breeds of Dairy and Beef Cattle

The Santa Gertrudis is a Shorthorn-Brahman cross developed on the King Ranch in Texas and is suited to hot, humid climates. Its tolerance for heat is inherited from the Brahman (or Zebu), a humped breed of Indian origin which thrives in this country's southern coastal regions.

Herefords ("whitefaces") are eager grazers and the most popular American beef breed. The one shown in the image gallery belongs to the Polled (hornless) strain. The fast-gaining, easily reared Shorthorn also occurs in a polled form. A second variation — the Milking Shorthorn — is raised for both beef and dairy use.

The black Aberdeen-Angus (plain Angus to most of us) is a hornless breed that produces "marbled" beef of very high quality.

Next are cows of the dairy breeds. The gentle, sensitive Jersey is the smallest in size and yield (two to four gallons a day of rich milk, with a butterfat content of over 5 percent). The calmer golden Guernsey cow's milk is slightly more abundant and contains somewhat less fat.

The docile Brown Swiss — one of the oldest dairy breeds — gives pure white milk with a high level of non-fat solids, minerals, and lactose . . . excellent for cheesemaking.

mother earth news fair 2018 schedule


Next: September 14-16, 2018
Seven Springs, PA

Whether you want to learn how to grow and raise your own food, build your own root cellar, or create a green dream home, come out and learn everything you need to know — and then some!


Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price

Money-Saving Tips in Every Issue!

Mother Earth NewsAt MOTHER EARTH NEWS, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only).

You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues.

Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
International Subscribers - Click Here
Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST).

Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter flipboard