Tips on Caring for Dairy Cows

Simple remedies for bloat, scours, foot rot, cows that kick and more.

| May/June 1972

  • 015-057-01
    Use a belt to prevent kicking, make a boot for foot rot, and give a calf eggs to treat scours.
  • dairy cows
    Keep your dairy cows healthy and happy.

  • 015-057-01
  • dairy cows

My father a well-known stock trader in the Muncie, Indiana area taught me the easiest way of all to turn the average family cow dry: just stop milking her. Don't agonize about tapering off and don't fool with her feed. Just stop milking. Only if the cow is a very heavy milker will you have to cut down a little and, even then, milking her every other milking for a few days or only partly milking her (taking, say, one gallon from a five gallon producer) is all the tapering you'll need. And, by the way . . . when I do milk, I milk "thumbs in".

If you keep hay in a manger where your cow or cows can reach it year-round, they won't bloat nearly as bad as when they have no access to such dry feed. But never take a cow that's been eating only dry feed and suddenly turn her out on frosted or wet pasture (especially bird's-foot trefoil, ladino or clover). The sudden change can kill cattle quicker than you'll believe.

Minor bloat is nothing to worry about and you can treat moderately severe bloat by drenching a cow with a mixture of either (1) a pint of linseed oil in a pint of water or (2) one cup of kerosene with a pint and a half of water. Shake either mixture vigorously in a big ginger ale bottle, hold the stricken animal's head up and nose closed and stick the neck of the bottle down the side of the cow's mouth between her lip and the outside of her teeth (don't let her chomp on the glass). Stroke the animal's throat to make her swallow. Call a vet and call him fast for major bloat that puts or even threatens to put a cow down.

Bloody scours in a calf should be treated by a veterinarian but the simplest and most effective cure for ordinary calf scours is three eggs, three or four times a day. Break the eggs in a plastic drinking cup, do not stir and pour them down the calf as it sucks your fingers. Beating the eggs and putting them into the baby's milk won't do any good at all. Our vet says the eggs will do even more good if you feed calf shells and all . . ..but I wouldn't recommend this the first few times you try it as you might cut the baby's mouth and throat with the shells.

At one time we had to have nearly 10% of our fresh cows cleaned by the vet after they calved. This percentage dropped to near zero after we began feeding mineral free choice to the cattle. If you haven't been feeding mineral to your cow or cows, buy a sack and keep the feed in front of them until they "catch up" . . . thereafter, a block of mineral salt in front of them year-round will supply their needs.

Sometimes when you move onto a new farm, your cows will get foot rot from the animals that have been there before. It happened to us and I treated the disease by sewing up boots of two to four thicknesses of denim. I'd put a small handful of flaxseed meal into a pan, stir in enough water to make a runny mixture, bring to a boil, let bubble and thicken. Then I'd pour the mixture into the boot while still fairly hot and put it on the cow's foot to cool and draw out the infection. At the next milking I'd remove the boot and pack the crack in the affected hoof with a salve of powdered sulfur mixed in lard or Crisco.

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