Buying a New or Used Tractor: What to Look For

| 10/5/2010 8:25:01 PM

Tags: tractor buying, used tractor tips, what to check when buying a tractor, Billy Clark,

Which tractor should I buy?

So you've decided to invest in a tractor. Good choice. Tractors are very versatile tools for homeowners and farmers alike, but which one should you buy? The choices are dizzying to say the least, and new tractor prices can rival the cost of a new car so the investment merits heavy consideration. If you choose wisely and follow wise maintenance practices your new tractor can provide you with a lifetime of rewarding use.

What about used tractors? Is a used tractor a good investment? When you look around at the many older models still in use today, I think the answer would have to be a resounding "YES." A good used tractor can still provide many years of service, but again, what should you buy? Is one brand really better than another? Should you buy a gas or diesel model? What should you check before purchasing any used tractor? I'll try to shed some light on a few of these questions.

As far as any particular brand of tractor is concerned, it's mostly a matter of personal or regional preference. In the South “Green” is as good as gold, but in Northern and Midwestern areas, you find more “Red” models. Around here, the majority of small, used tractors are Ford blue. That's not to say there aren't other models around, these just seem the most popular and more affordable in this particular area. Some remember when grandpa bought his first Ford 8n back in the 1950s and farmed a whole 640 acre section with it. Others remember hearing the ol’ “poppin’ John” Deere of the same era. Each make has its own peculiarities and different layout of controls and such, but it ultimately comes down to personal preference far more than anything else. If you have a local dealer for a specific brand, that might come into consideration as to the availability of parts and service, but if you're mechanically inclined, parts for most anything are available via the Internet, even for makes no longer in production. There are a few exceptions, for example the International 414 gasoline model. Certain engine parts for this tractor are no longer manufactured or available. It's a good tractor, and the diesel counterpart is still well supported, but if you strip a distributor drive gear, the entire tractor becomes a yard ornament. I know. I have one.

The diesel engine is superior to the gasoline model in power, torque and longevity. They're just plain built heavier to work harder. The flip side of that is if it breaks, it's expensive to repair, far more expensive than a gasoline model. Diesel shops around here charge $90 and up per hour, and that gets expensive quick. But if you're serious about farming, I would still recommend investing in a diesel. That's not to say that an old reliable gasoline model wouldn’t provide years of good service. In fact, if you live in a colder climate and intend to use your tractor in winter for feeding livestock, dragging firewood or even grading the snow off the drive, a gasoline model would be a good choice as diesels do not like extreme cold. Temperatures below freezing are likely to cause starting problems with a diesel left out in the cold, and much below 30 degrees Fahrenheit you will start having problems with the fuel gelling if you don't add fuel treatments prior. Diesel models can be used in colder climates, but should be parked inside if possible or at least under a shed, and/or electric engine block heaters should be utilized. And definitely treat the fuel in winter!

If you're interested in a particular tractor, try to get a hands on experience with it without advance warning, in other words, show up when it hasn't already been started that day. How an engine starts from stone cold tells you a lot about its condition.

4/7/2015 2:46:49 PM

Great article. The Ford 2000-5000 models would be good choices for used tractors. Also, make sure you know how to run and maintain the tractor! You can find manuals online, here

4/7/2015 2:46:42 PM

Great article. The Ford 2000-5000 models would be good choices for used tractors. Also, make sure you know how to run and maintain the tractor! You can find manuals online, here

3/6/2015 4:56:17 AM

If you are looking at buying a used tractor, you will find many different models of tractors for sale at auction here: Enjoy your visit on TradeMachines!

3/16/2014 11:07:11 AM

Hey Billy, Seems I am notoriously, not fashionably, late to the party. But I appreciate your tips on buying a used tractor. Am in the woods of Georgia, having moved inland from the coast, and looking at used tractors. That aside, I was thinking of your distributor drive gear issue. Have you ever considered searching out a machinist and having one fabricated? I know it's not the cheapest way to go, but to keep an otherwise valuable piece of equipment off the lawn or turned into a fancy mailbox support, it might be worth a look. Anything that has been "made"...even if out of production, (except Triceratops), can usually be reproduced by a skilled fabricator.

billy clark
10/8/2010 8:42:24 PM

Yes, the alcohol content in newer gasoline is causing a lot of problems with a lot of equipment, but mostly things with plastic parts in the fuel system, which most older tractor won't have. Anything 2 stroke is just eaten up without special alcohol compatible oils. It certainly won't hurt to use a lead substitute in an older gasoline engine. The ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) is also harder on older equipment though. Historically diesel was almost s good a lubricant as a fuel, but the process that takes the extra sulfur out also reduces the lubricating properties. Also, off highway diesel is likely the same fuel as the ULSD with a dye added to show it's tax exempt. It's generally not worth the extra trouble for the manufacturers to produce 2 separate fuels, high sulfur and ULS. The oil companies are supposed to be adding extra lubricants back to the fuel,but there are lots of fuel system problems in older vehicles that burn a lot of newer fuel, so I would be adding supplements to my diesel as well. In fact, I burn 25% waste vegetable oil (WVO) in my diesels. Only problem is it really stirs up the appetite until you get used to it. Smells like somebody's got the grill going. Some folks add 2 stroke oil to their diesel fuel for insurance, or if you have a source for used transmission fluid that works great as long as it's clean and filtered properly.

bart hunter
10/7/2010 4:34:21 PM

Unless you do something drastic to a diesel engine they will run and run. The big thing is to keep the filters clean and change the oil according to the manual. Gas engines are having a big problem with gas with all the additives in it. I was talking to a dealer the other day and he was saying they are throwing out nearly new chainsaws and generators because the gas is killing them. It costs more to repair then replace. Old tractors suffer from simular problems. Also many gas tractors were built in an era of leaded gas. If you are going work them hard you need to see a tractor dealer who can set you up with an additive. Bottom line is to use a gas additive and run the equipment out of gas if you are not going to use it for a week or longer. I start my gas generator at least once a month.

billy clark
10/7/2010 7:51:21 AM

EDIT: Sorry, that last paragraph should be a 2000 or 3000 model Ford, cost $4000-$5000. Billy

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