Build an Emergency Power Generator

Learn how to build a portable power station in case of a power outage from plywood, inverter and battery, including construction, operation, materials list and diagrams.

| February/March 1998

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    All three-quarters inch plywood components were cut from a single 4-by-4 foot sheet.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    A completed power station, ready to power a home computer.
    PHOTO/MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    The inverter, battery, and charger.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    The enclosure and top of the power station before sanding and painting.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    Remove battery clips and battery-charger leads and install ring terminals to fit battery terminals. Be sure to mark the positive lead with red tape before cutting.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    The power station can be taken on extended camping trips, and a self-contained solar panel can be added to recharge the battery during the day.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    Power Station dimension modifications.
    JEFFREY YAGO
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    Position the battery charger so its controls and meter can be accessed.
    MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
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    Left, diagram of the battery powered station, on right an image of the wiring diagram with sidewall shelf support grove.
    JEFFREY YAGO
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    Materials list for the emergency power system box.
    JEFFREY YAGO

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Less than 30 years ago, a power outage would be little more than a minor inconvenience to most people. Today, with the proliferation of home-business computers as well as answering and fax machines, a prolonged power interruption can bring your livelihood to a halt. Large cities are served by more than one electrical transmission line and most power outages usually last only as long as it takes to bypass a downed line, but country dwellers might well be stranded for days.

The most commercially available solution is a backup power supply system, but these stand-alone units (those in the $200 to $500 price range) will only keep a personal computer operating long enough to allow you to quickly save information and shut down. Not a terribly versatile solution.

This project will allow you to be prepared for the next short term power outage and maintain an almost normal life style while waiting for the line power return. The station cannot power everything in your home, but it will run a computer and fax machine, or television and DVD player for up to six hours, and lighting for several rooms at the same time ... and can be built for a total cost of less than $400.

The system is designed to be stored out of the way until needed, then serve as your first line of defense in an emergency. You can also extend the power stations usefulness; load it in the car and take it on your next camping trip, or use it to power small tools or lights at the job site when a generator is not practical.



System Description

The power station has been designed around a battery charger, a deep discharge battery, and a DC to AC inverter, all mounted in an easy to build wooden cabinet. Each component has been carefully matched in performance to provide a very efficient system in a very small package.

We have chosen a deep discharge 12 volt, 850 cranking amp capacity, lead-acid marine battery. Although two 6 volt golf-cart batteries wired in series will provide much better long term performance, the marine battery is sealed and is much safer to handle and keep charged in a confined space. Since this is the heart of the system, buy a quality battery rated for extended deep discharge use. A standard automobile battery will not provide satisfactory operating time and will fail completely after several deep discharge cycles.

WWW.EASYWOODWORK.ORG
5/22/2018 9:56:39 PM

I use the plans at WWW.EASYWOODWORK.ORG to build my own DIY projects – I highly recommend you visit that website and check their plans out too. They are detailed and super easy to read and understand unlike several others I found online. The amount of plans there is mind-boggling… there’s like 16,000 plans or something like that for tons of different projects. Definitely enough to keep me busy with projects for many more years to come haha. Go to WWW.EASYWOODWORK.ORG if you want some additional plans :)


naturelover
4/29/2016 11:24:18 AM

I would rather buy a http://www.impcorporation.com/ because there's less risk. When you buy one, its tested and ready to go. If anything, there's the option of renting one.


mikecz
9/20/2015 6:37:11 PM

Unfortunately, this article is about 20 years old. (The first computer I ever bought was a Dell Pentium 100 - with Windows 95 - when purchasing these made made me an early adapter!) It is further unfortunate that Mother Earth News recycles a lot of these old articles that no one bothers to update, or, as you're finding out, even cares to reply to from the editorial staff!







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