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Declining Gasoline Consumption Means We Don't Need Pipelines

3/29/2013 12:21:18 PM

Tags: gasoline consumption, fuel use, renewable fuel, gasoline exports, fuel efficiency standards, Earth Policy Institute

This article was reposted with permission from Earth Policy Institute. man-pumping-gas-1 

Freeing America from its dependence on oil from unstable parts of the world is an admirable goal, but many of the proposed solutions — including the push for more home-grown biofuels and for the construction of the new Keystone XL pipeline to transport Canadian tar sands oil to refineries on the U.S. Gulf Coast — are harmful and simply unnecessary. Gasoline use in the United States is falling, and the trends already driving it down are likely to continue into the future, making both the mirage of beneficial biofuels and the construction of a new pipeline to import incredibly dirty oil seem ever more out of touch with reality. 

U.S. motor gasoline consumption peaked at 142 billion gallons in 2007. In each year since, American drivers have used less gasoline. In 2012, gas use came in at 134 billion gallons, down 6 percent off the high mark. 

Three trends underlie falling U.S. gasoline use: a shrinking car fleet, an overall reduction in driving, and improved fuel efficiency. The number of registered vehicles in the United States rose rather steadily from 1945 to 2008, when it topped out at close to 250 million and then abruptly changed course. As the economic recession hit, new car sales in the United States fell from more than 16 million in 2007 to below 11 million in 2009. For two years, scrappage exceeded new purchases, causing a contraction in the overall size of the fleet. Even with a rebound in sales to nearly 15 million vehicles in 2012, the days of annual sales exceeding 17 million — as seen through the early 2000s — are likely over. (See data.)earth-policy-gas-chart 

The car promised mobility, but in urbanizing communities it instead brought traffic congestion and air pollution. With four out of five Americans now living in urban areas, private vehicle ownership is starting to lose its allure. This is particularly true among younger people, who are readily embracing mass transit and the car-sharing and bike-sharing programs that are popping up in cities around the country. Fewer than half of American teenagers ages 15 to 19 have a driver’s license, a share that has been falling over recent decades as states have tightened restrictions and as socialization patterns have shifted from cruising the streets to cruising the Internet.  Retirees also tend to drive less; as the baby boomers retire, more people will be putting away their car keys.

As gasoline prices have risen, private vehicles have traveled fewer miles and public transit ridership has increased. Not only are there fewer vehicles traveling fewer miles on U.S. roads than there were just five years ago, but new cars today can drive farther on a gallon of gasoline. This will soon accelerate: after more than two decades of near-total stagnation, in 2011 the Obama administration increased fuel efficiency standards for cars and light trucks from an average of 27.5 miles per gallon in 2008 to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. In addition to the technological changes that can improve the fuel economy of conventional vehicles, new plug-in hybrid electric cars and fully electric vehicles use far less gasoline or even do away with it entirely.

Somewhat counterintuitively, falling gasoline use is at odds with the federal mandate to use more renewable fuel. Under the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) requires blending increasing volumes of ethanol into the U.S. gasoline supply, regardless of how much gasoline is needed. In 2012, U.S. distilleries produced 13 billion gallons of fuel ethanol, almost entirely from corn. Ethanol accounted for nearly 10 percent of the U.S. gasoline supply. The 2013 requirement for 13.8 billion gallons is likely to go beyond the 10-percent threshold of what can be blended into gasoline and still be used in older vehicles without risking engine damage and voiding warranties.

Furthermore, the RFS requires a growing share of the renewable fuel to come from cellulosic non-food biofuels, yet these have not become economical to produce on a meaningful scale. The increasing production of corn-based ethanol has pitted food use against fuel use, with the unfortunate result of higher food prices. As drought in the U.S. Corn Belt shrank harvests in 2012, corn prices spiked to an all-time high. U.S. corn carryover stocks fell to 6 percent of use in 2012, a historic low. Still, more than 40 percent of the 2012 corn harvest will likely go to fuel cars.

While corn exports from the United States were down in 2012, gasoline exports were up. Higher domestic production and reduced demand allowed the United States to export more oil products than it imported for the second year in a row — after more than six decades of being a net importer. The United States is still a net importer of crude oil, though. Instead of necessarily allowing more gasoline to reach U.S. markets, the proposed Keystone XL pipeline would bring the carbon-intensive Canadian tar sands oil closer to Gulf Coast export terminals for easier access to international markets.

A March 2013 report by the National Research Council describes policies and technologies that would allow the United States to cut its gasoline use 80 percent by 2050. Yet the data they used on the distances being driven only went through 2005, missing the recent drop, and many of the social trends that are starting to drive down car use were not incorporated. These trends are important to consider when envisioning energy and transportation policies for the future. This means rethinking mobility beyond private automobiles. And putting a price on carbon to encourage powering the cars still on the roads with carbon-free wind-sourced electricity can help move the United States beyond ecologically disruptive false solutions that raise food prices and further destabilize the climate.

Photo By Fotolia/lukasvideo 



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Post a comment below.

 

Milehighmike
4/27/2013 7:28:30 PM

The above opinion seems pretty narrow minded focusing on only one point of view.

Biofuels in many cases cause more harm to the environment by the use of increase pesticides as many many farmer are switching to produce more corn. It has & will continue to drive the cost of all things connected to corn up, hogs, beef,milk, chicken not to mention other crop prices will rise as farmers are no longer growing other crops because corn pays better. So it is creating a shortage in other vegetable crops.

If the oil does not get here by pipeline it will get here by truck & rail. So the impact to the environment could very well be worst by all the dirty diesel required to truck it down.

Fuel usage in the US is down primarily because of the higher prices more then anything. While our consumption is down the rest of the worlds is up. China's demand alone will out pace us all.

I personally don't think the world was worst off when we had cheap fuel. Food was less, family vacation's didn't require a credit card. Our environment is cleaner then it has been in a century.

When I was a kid they built the Alaskan pipeline. All the Tree Huggers & Environmental wacko's said it would end the world. It would decimate the caribou population. Well in fact the population exploded as the heat from the pipeline increased their mating season.

The fact is the impact on the environment is minimal at best from the pipeline. There is a need for it & it will create much needed jobs.

I'm all for Green energy but not at the cost of the tax payers.

The US is on the brink of the greatest natural gas & oil boom the world has ever seen. We could dominate the world economically again. We can take much of the power the middle east has the world with oil. They hold us hostage continually. The money from oil fuels terrorism around the world.

Oil imports have dropped to record lows as we are producing more oil at home do to the new deep drilling techniques. You don't hear this in the media much as they preach oil is evil. The oil & gas boom is here & even the current far lefty's within the administration can not stop it.

In time we will have more & more cleaner fuel sources as technology improves. Solar is still too costly for mainstream & should not be funded with tax dollars. Let the free market have it's way. It has worked pretty well thus far.

Natural gas is very clean to burn & trucking company's are rushing to convert their fleets over. Why isn't our tax dollars being used to subsidize gas stations to set up pumping facility's across the US? Probably because even though it's super clean it is contrary the current green agenda. The agenda does not want cheap fuel for you & I. They want gas, oil & all energy cost for that matter to be so high that solar & wind are cheap by comparison. It sounds all well & good in a socialist society but when you think about it, it is the average Joe that pays for this with money he can ill afford. The tax payer has money taken from his family & it is used to force an agenda that he not only does not endorse but it in fact brings harm upon him & his family.

The agenda of Green in fact takes from others by force & gives to others many times only to squander on Fat cat's & big salary's & payoffs. Does Fisker car & Solendra, Chevy Volt ring a bell? Those are only a few that we know about & they cost you & I billions. Crony Capitalism meet Social agenda. It's like a chapter out of Atlas Shrugged for crying out loud.

I personally have solar & wind on my farm but I didn’t ask you or our tax payers to subsidize it. I bought panels off Craigslist for less then a $1 a watt. I bought wind gen’s from Ebay from small manufactures that again were not subsidized with money looted from the Citizens.

I say let’s start paying our individual way again. Stop looting money from our brothers & sisters against their will. Free market works, this crap we have been doing does not.

BTW.....We taxpayers subsidize E-85 to the tune of 80.-90. cents a gallon while it kills fuel mileage anywhere for 10 to 50% on the average vehicle. So it cost us more & you get worst mileage??? Pollutes the environment as well. Let the pipeline Roll. The working man could use a break it’s been awhile. I’m just saying.

Milehighmike


Milehighmike
4/27/2013 7:11:19 PM

The above opinion seems pretty narrow minded focusing on only one point of view.

Biofuels in many cases cause more harm to the environment by the use of increase pesticides as many many farmer are switching to produce more corn. It has & will continue to drive the cost of all things connected to corn up, hogs, beef,milk, chicken not to mention other crop prices will rise as farmers are no longer growing other crops because corn pays better. So it is creating a shortage in other vegetable crops.

If the oil does not get here by pipeline it will get here by truck & rail. So the impact to the environment could very well be worst by all the dirty diesel required to truck it down.

Fuel usage in the US is down primarily because of the higher prices more then anything. While our consumption is down the rest of the worlds is up. China's demand alone will out pace us all.

I personally don't think the world was worst off when we had cheap fuel. Food was less, family vacation's didn't require a credit card. Our environment is cleaner then it has been in a century.

When I was a kid they built the Alaskan pipeline. All the Tree Huggers & Environmental wacko's said it would end the world. It would decimate the caribou population. Well in fact the population exploded as the heat from the pipeline increased their mating season.

The fact is the impact on the environment is minimal at best from the pipeline. There is a need for it & it will create much needed jobs.

I'm all for Green energy but not at the cost of the tax payers.

The US is on the brink of the greatest natural gas & oil boom the world has ever seen. We could dominate the world economically again. We can take much of the power the middle east has the world with oil. They hold us hostage continually. The money from oil fuels terrorism around the world.

Oil imports have dropped to record lows as we are producing more oil at home do to the new deep drilling techniques. You don't hear this in the media much as they preach oil is evil. The oil & gas boom is here & even the current far lefty's within the administration can not stop it.

In time we will have more & more cleaner fuel sources as technology improves. Solar is still too costly for mainstream & should not be funded with tax dollars. Let the free market have it's way. It has worked pretty well thus far.

Natural gas is very clean to burn & trucking company's are rushing to convert their fleets over. Why isn't our tax dollars being used to subsidize gas stations to set up pumping facility's across the US? Probably because even though it's super clean it is contrary the current green agenda. The agenda does not want cheap fuel for you & I. They want gas, oil & all energy cost for that matter to be so high that solar & wind are cheap by comparison. It sounds all well & good in a socialist society but when you think about it, it is the average Joe that pays for this with money he can ill afford. The tax payer has money taken from his family & it is used to force an agenda that he not only does not endorse but it in fact brings harm upon him & his family.

The agenda of Green in fact takes from others by force & gives to others many times only to squander on Fat cat's & big salary's & payoffs. Does Fisker car & Solendra, Chevy Volt ring a bell? Those are only a few that we know about & they cost you & I billions. Crony Capitalism meet Social agenda. It's like a chapter out of Atlas Shrugged for crying out loud.

I personally have solar & wind on my farm but I didn’t ask you or our tax payers to subsidize it. I bought panels off Craigslist for less then a $1 a watt. I bought wind gen’s from Ebay from small manufactures that again were not subsidized with money looted from the Citizens.

I say let’s start paying our individual way again. Stop looting money from our brothers & sisters against their will. Free market works, this crap we have been doing does not.

BTW.....We taxpayers subsidize E-85 to the tune of 80.-90. cents a gallon while it kills fuel mileage anywhere for 10 to 50% on the average vehicle. So it cost us more & you get worst mileage??? Pollutes the environment as well. Let the pipeline Roll. The working man could use a break it’s been awhile. I’m just saying.

Milehighmike


upnorthmn
4/27/2013 10:24:50 AM

We have a president that refuses to build the pipeline! Build the the pipeline!


Rodent
4/2/2013 2:18:09 AM
If we are unwilling to use Canada's energy, they will just pipe it to their west coast and sell it to the Chinese. This entire article is based on the assumption that a declining U.S. economy is somehow a good thing. If the economy was growing, really growing, then oil use would go back up, period.

SteveC
4/2/2013 12:31:22 AM
Unfortunately much of the drop indicated on the chart has been since the economy has been in a somewhat restricted state, the question becomes whether gas consumption picks up again as the economy improves.







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