If you buy a donkey, give it proper care and treatment. The animal will not be ornery or stubborn as many people believe.
Photo by Lorena Hillis
I've always enjoyed almost everything about camping except having to tote a cumbersome pack on my back. In fact, the mere thought of one of those aluminum-tubed nylon muscle strainers —stuffed, as usual, with my favorite backpacking luxuries — a bottle of wine, a cast-iron pan, or a bag of fresh oranges — really used to put a damper on my enthusiasm for taking to the trails.
Once, in an attempt to lighten my pack, my husband and I loaded our faithful yellow dog with the small amount of gear we felt she could handle. The pooch did fine too, until we got to the woods and she proceeded to lie down in every stream we came across (leaving us with soggy matches and rapidly "rehydrating" dehydrated soup)!
After that fiasco, we began to consider the possibility of purchasing a "low-maintenance" beast of burden that wouldn't be prone to cooling off in creeks. The high cost of feeding a horse or mule eventually led us to investigate whether it would be practical to buy a donkey. We were told the long eared critters were supposed to have terrific endurance, good trail sense, the ability to handle reasonably heavy loads, and excellent dispositions to boot.
All things considered, it seemed that a burro might be perfect for us — except that there was still a lot we didn't know about this "desert dweller." For example, where could we even locate one of the beasts in our northwestern state of Montana? And then, when we did come across a donkey, could we be sure it'd be able to withstand our harsh winters? Well, after a little more research and a lot of looking, we did finally manage to find a burro. And I'm pleased to say it not only survives our sub-zero weather and lives up to all our expectations, it's as easy to keep around the farm as it is helpful on our camping ventures!
Back Up a Bit
Actually, finding our beast of burden wasn't all that hard, once we got on the right track. Not knowing where else to look, at first we ransacked the local library for information, talked to some of the horse dealers in our area, and even let our friends know about our search in hopes that they could help. However, we didn't turn up much of value until we contacted The American Donkey and Mule Society. The folks there sent us a list of donkey breeders across the country and a catalog of all the publications their organization has to offer.
Finally, after carefully studying the tips on how to purchase a donkey (the society's book, The Donkey and Mule as a Backyard Hobby was our go-to source), we felt we were ready to do some educated shopping on our own. In no time we found and bought a two-year-old, standard sized — about 48 inches from the ground to the top of the shoulders or withers — female burro (jenny or jennet). She was friendly but green (untrained), and cost less than $100.
Though we did have some problems with her at first, we realized that an unschooled youngster was bound to have a few bad habits. At the very least we expected her to balk at being loaded into our truck. But when she lay down halfway up the ramp — forcing four of us to push her the rest of the way — we had a few moments of doubt about the wisdom of our new purchase!
However, our misgivings quickly disappeared once we got her home. Contrary to what some people may think, we discovered donkeys are not ornery or stubborn unless they're "taught" to be so through abuse or neglect. In fact, they're exceptionally bright, and can be very loving and obedient when treated firmly but with kindness and respect. After she got used to us and to her new surroundings, our jenny responded to our book-learned training techniques like a straight-A student. At the end of a summer of daily lessons, she knew how to lead, ford streams, cross rickety bridges, and walk on pavement without the slightest hesitation! (She still doesn't like getting into the truck, but we're working on that!)
While the burro's education was under way, my husband and I went ahead and purchased all the pack equipment we thought we'd need. We were advised by experienced pack trippers to buy the best gear we could afford, so we ended up spending $175 on a good sawbuck saddle and pad, a sturdy halter, and a well-made pair of panniers.
By the following summer, our diligent little student was ready for her final examination ... which she passed with flying colors! Not only could she carry close to 70 pounds as easily as I could tote a 5-pound daypack, but she rarely shied or balked at anything (even a bird flushing out of the underbrush near her feet failed to excite the jenny). In short, she was a champ on the trail.
We've since discovered that caring for our cheerful camping mate is just as easy when she's on our farm. During the warmer months, we give her the run of a three-acre pasture (which she's more than happy to share with a cow or a horse, if asked to). When the weather turns cold, we put her up at night in a cozy donkey-sized stall. Her feed consists of a few sections of hay a day plus a couple of cups of grain or pellets on exceptionally chilly nights. Other than that, we simply see to it that she's wormed and vaccinated in the fall and that she has her hoofs trimmed three times a year by a farrier.
All in all, aside from a few minor and even somewhat amusing quirks — such as her ability to nudge open the pasture gate with her nose, and her adamant intolerance of dogs (she'll put up with them on the trail only if they travel well in front to allow her to keep an eye on them!) — our jenny is a delight to have around. And her continued willingness to take the weight off my shoulders on the trails has endeared the burro to my backpacking heart forever!
How to Pick Out a Good Pack Donkey
First and foremost, you need to examine closely the personality of any donkey you might consider purchasing. Keep in mind, too, that sex and age will each have a lot to do with a burro's temperament. For instance, females and gelded males tend to be gentler than jacks, while young'uns are usually more trainable (and more highly-spirited!) than adult animals of about five years or more.
Next, look at the burro's conformation. Are its legs straight? What about its body? Is it compact and sturdy? (Donkeys aren't as muscular as horses or mules, so don't be put off by relatively thin chests and haunches.) Then ask the animal's owner to lead it around at a walk and a trot, so you can determine whether its gaits are fairly even and relaxed.
Now, if you're happy with the burro's personality and the way it looks and moves, the next step is to evaluate its health. (You might want to ask a vet or a farrier to examine any animal that you feel is in questionable condition.) Determine whether the coat is thick or mangy. If it's on the scruffy side and you can’t tell why, asking the owner whether the condition is due to worms or lice, or perhaps is just a result of the animal's shedding its winter coat. Once that's taken care of, check the donkey's eyes. They should be bright and alert, with no signs of infection and/or mucus. Also be sure there's no unnatural discharge from the ears or the genital area, and that there are no swellings or unattended cuts anywhere (examine the head, under the jaw, along the legs, and so forth).
Finally, and likely most important, carefully examine the beast's hoofs. They need to be both tough and pliable, not dried out and brittle (which might signal a vitamin deficiency). Keep in mind, though, that overgrown hoofs can be easily corrected, as can thrush (a fungus that develops in the frog of the foot if an animal is left standing too long on soggy terrain). However, if a burro shows any signs of founder (in which case the soles of the feet will appear dropped, and the animal will walk as if treading on eggs), you'd better forget that critter because the illness could render it permanently unsound.