Tetanus and Botulism

Tetanus and Botulism are serious matters that every homesteader should stay vigilant for.
February/March 2001
http://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/tetanus-and-botulism-zmaz01fmzsel.aspx
Be sure that your animals have all of their proper injections.


Photo courtesy MOTHER EARTH NEWS editors

What the Homesteader Needs to Know

Any case of suspected botulism or tetanus is life threatening and should receive immediate veterinary care, and possible public health intervention. This information is provided as a guideline for livestock owners so that they can call their veterinarian if they have any indication that either disease may be present.

 In young horses, the toxin may be released in a foal's intestine after it is ingested, causing a disease called Shaker Foal Syndrome.

For horses, the toxoid is available to be given either by itself or in combination with other commonly administered vaccines, including Eastern/Western equine encephalitis, rhinopneumonitis and equine influenza. It should be given annually as an intramuscular injection, according to label instructions. Pregnant mares should be vaccinated during the last six weeks of pregnancy, and foals should be vaccinated at five to eight weeks of age. In small ruminants, the toxoid is usually combined with Clostridium C and D vaccines. The decision to vaccinate lambs and calves depends upon the prevalence of the disease in the area.