A 2 x 4 and a couple C-clamps work very well as a ladder leveler.
ILLUSTRATION: MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF
The following housekeeping tips and other bits of country lore were submitted by readers.
nothing harder than trying to set up a ladder where the ground isn't
level. You either end up with a precariously leaning support or—if you
jam some boards under the low-side leg—an unsafe ladder that's likely to
slip right out from under you and leave you "hanging by your
Robert Redig of Winona,
Minnesota has a very simple and really effective-solution to this
problem: Fasten a 2 X 4 onto one side of the ladder with a couple of
good, sturdy C-clamps. Such a wooden "crutch" is easily adjustable so
you can level that "portable staircase" whether it's standing on bumpy
ground, a sloping roof, or even the front steps!
Warm Bubble Bath
We'll let Antioch, California's Kay Roads tell you about her "all-wet" idea herself: "I firmly believe that warm water has deeply therapeutic qualities ... in other words, I love to soak in a bathtub. During the winter, though, the soothing liquid needs to be heated up every 15 minutes or so. Such continual `recharging' can get downright inconvenient (and costly) so I `dipped' into my childhood past and came up with the perfect tub-lover's energy saver: bubble bath.
"Yessir, the billions of floating orbs make such an effective bath insulator that I can sit back—with a few current issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS—and soak my bones for a leisurely hour and a half without ever adding more hot water!
"Besides all that," confesses our California tubber, "bathing with bubbles is fun!"
Water Saving Shower Head
Canton Rhyne of Asheboro, North Carolina knows how a lot of shower-loving folks can save energy, too! Carlton's figured out how to make a homemade water-saver (a device which may cost as much as $15.00 in stores) for 10¢ or less!
All you have to do, the thrifty Tarheel advises, is unscrew your current shower head and see if a dime or penny can be snugly placed into the water sprayer's connector piece. If either coin fits, drill a 1/16" to 1/8" hole in the appropriate disc, plop the coin into the connector and then screw the head back on. Your revamped shower will give a fine, high-pressure spray (perfectly good for bathing) that uses less water than its old "gusher" head did. You'll save on your monthly water bill and avoid shelling out money for a "brand name" water-saver device.
Recycled Long Johns
Out in Cohasset, Massachusetts the winters tend to drag on so long that long johns tend to wear out! But Michelle McLean has a clever way to recycle the lower half of those body warmers: turn the bottoms into tops! When the torso part of her winter wonders gets ail stretched out and the leg sections shrink up to the length of knickers, Ms. McLean cuts and hems a neck opening where the crotch used to be.
She then turns the garment upside down and pulls it over her head!
Long Johns Grafting
John Balser has another commonsense way to stretch the life of old long john drawers, and his tip can expand the usefulness of thermal tops and holey wool socks, too! The Lafayette, Colorado resident cuts the foot sections off of four worn-out woollies and sews the still-good tubes onto the shrunken ends of his long johns' sleeves and leggings. This grafting technique puts new life (or should we say length?) in his short-limbed winter underwear and gets extra use out of old socks in the bargain.
Scoop Shovel Floater
"There are few things in life as downright irritating as having your big scoop shovel jam in a floor crack when you're getting grain from the storage bin. The recoil from that sudden stop will hurt your wrist and shoulder something terrible."
So writes Larry A. Spanish of Norfolk, Virginia. And you know, the fellow certainly has a point. Fortunately, the Southerner has a solution, too: "Put two mid-sized cotter pins on the business end of that scoop shovel. The spade's edge will ride on the round `ball' of those wire fasteners, so cracks, floor irregularities, and railheads will no longer give you any problems."
Collaborative Journal Writing
This next piece of down-home lore is downright "unpractical". It won't cure scours, save thread, or fix a leak in a tractor's oil tank, but it may warm some hearts. "My sister-in-law and I both tried to keep daily diaries," says Cheryl Tavares, "but somehow we always stopped writing in them. Now we jot down `what's happening' once a week, and mail this news to each other. At the end of the year, we give the letters back and each of us has a `journal' to keep! Plus, we're able to stay in close touch this way, even though we live 300 miles apart."
The Newfield, New Yorker also saves her friends' correspondence and gives these people their own "diaries" (in nicely decorated folders) every Christmas. Cheryl's discovered that letter-retuming encourages folks to write more often, and to include those interesting details they may want to recall themselves in later years.
Greeting Card Recycling
Speaking of Christmas, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Anderson have a holiday tip "Yule" be sure to appreciate. The Moundsville, West Virginians recycle all the greeting cards they get each year. They simply cut the "picture half" off each salutation, draw a line down the back of this decorated section, and what do they have?
Newspaper Log Rolling Method
You say you want to save money by burnin' newspapers in the ol' wood stove, but you don't want to shell out cash for a fancy log-rolling gadget? Then save your pesos, says Leonard Sotz of Columbia Station, Ohio, and make your own paper rounds! Just lay a half-inch stack of newspapers on top of a two-foot piece of wire (a coat hanger works fine) so that both ends of the metal strand still show. Then roll the papers into a snug log, wrap the wire around this print cylinder, and twist the metal's ends to secure your "Daily Times timber".
Mr. Sotz says that you should only add paper rounds to an already hot fire. The Buckeye State wood burner also notes that if you pick the wire out of the ashes when the flames die down, you can use the same log binder over and over for at least a year!
Fireplace Draft Control
If your fireplace has an ash-emptying chute at its base, you can take Mrs. J.A. Oppert's advice and use that trapdoor to improve your—notoriously inefficient—hearth warmer's effectiveness. Mrs. Oppert (a Toccoa, Georgia homesteader) opens the "dumping hole" about 1/16 of an inch before she lights a fire. That way the flames drag their oxygen supply up from her basement Instead of causing a chilly room draft by sucking air out of the living area.
In fact, our mountain-dwelling Peach Stater has found that the fire will draw air through the ash chute even when that opening is covered by a heavy flake buildup.
Turkey Baster Siphon
"Every farm should have two turkey basters," says Maye Pigg of Beaverton, Oregon. "Use the first squirter to drench your Thanksgiving fowl and the second one for siphoning gasoline out of your car or tractor tank! When you need to draw off some fuel, stick the mouth of your `number two' baster on the low end of a suction line, give that overgrown eye dropper a few pumps, and watch the stored-up gasoline pour out!"
What do you do when skunks settle in under your house? Sleep with your fingers crossed? Risk the critters' enduring wrath by trying to force them out? You could try John Gaston's clever attack-averting solution. The Pleasant Hill, Missourian figured that since skunks are nocturnal, the striped stinkmakers would only pick a snug, dark spot for their daytime resting place. So John hooked a light bulb to a long extension cord, waited till the skunks were out for the evening, and placed the switched-on illuminator under the house.
The light wasn't threatening enough to trigger an onslaught of polecat perfume, but its bright beam did ruin the dusky "mood" of the skunks' low-level home. So the unwanted critters packed their scent bags and left.
Arkansan Lydia O'Callaghan has the dangblasted why-didn't-l-think-of-that easiest way to cut square across a board with a handsaw. "All you have to do," notes the Trapper Creek woman, "is look-in the saw blade-at the reflection of the board you're cutting! If the edge of that image runs at an angle to the edge of the plank you're hacking, then your saw's wandering off the mark. But if the mirrored and the real 'rim' lines run arrow-straight together ... well sir, you're sawing as square and true as a parson speechin' on Sunday."