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WHAT TO PLANT NOW

 
January in the
Southwest Gardening Region

 

Southwest Gardening Region Map 

If you're a Southwest gardener, you're in the right place. If you're from somewhere else, click to find garden planning information for your area.


 Stay on Schedule 

Vegetable planting times can change fast in a Southwest garden, so make sure you're in the right month. Click on the current month below to learn more about what to plant now, anytime.

INSERT HYPERLINKS  

 

 

 Top Crops for the Southwest Region

 

Successful Southwest gardeners emphasize crops that naturally grow well, which was clearly shown in our National Survey of Most Productive Garden Crops. Choose your favorites from the list below. These crops received the highest ratings from fellow organic vegetable gardeners in the Southwest. Additional options found on the Recommended Crops list aresorted by plant family to make it easier to plan effective rotations 

Top 10 Crops: Southwest

1. Sweet pepper
2. Cherry tomato
3. Bulb onion
4. Slicing tomato
5. Garlic
6. Lettuce
7. Spinach
8. Potato
9. Cucumber
10. Summer squash

   

Other Highly Recommended Crops:

Cabbage family:  Kale, kohlrabi  

Cucumber family:  Cucumberpumpkin, winter squash  

Leafy greens:  Arugula, chard, Chinese cabbage, mache, lettuce, pac choi, spinach  

Legumes:  Dry soup beans, edamame, fava bean, snap beans, snow/snap and shell peas, Southern peas 

Root crops:  Beetradish, rutabaga, shallot, sunchoke, sweet potato  

Tomato family:  Eggplant, peppers (all types), tomatillo 

Miscellaneous: Bulb fennel, leek, okra, rhubarb, scallions 


 

 

January Vegetable Planting Chart, Southwest

 

 

VEGETABLES  

Sow Indoors    

Sow Outdoors   

Transplant  

Low Elevations Only  

Artichoke, globe 

 

    XXX  XXX 
Asparagus      XXX  XXX 

Beet 

  

XXX 

   XXX 
Bok choy    XXX    XXX 

Carrot 

  

XXX 

   XXX 

Chard 

 


 
 XXX   XXX  XXX 
Eggplant 

XXX 

      XXX 
Fennel, bulb 

 

   XXX    XXX 
Kohlrabi    XXX  XXX  XXX 
 Leek  XXX  XXX  XXX   
Lettuce    XXX  XXX  XXX 
Onion, bulb      XXX  XXX 
 Parsnip    XXX    XXX 
Peas (snow, shell, snap)     XXX     

Peppers 

XXX 

      XXX 

Radishes 

  

XXX 

   XXX 
Rutabaga    XXX     

Scallion (green onion)  

XXX 

  

XXX 

XXX 

Spinach 

  

XXX 

XXX 

XXX 
Tomato 

XXX 

      XXX 
 Turnip    XXX    XXX

 

CULINARY HERBS   

Sow Indoors    

Sow Outdoors   

Transplant  

Low Elevations

Only

 

Basil 

XXX       XXX 

Chives 

XXX    XXX  XXX 

Cilantro  

   XXX       XXX 

Dill  

   XXX      XXX 

Fennel, leaf   

  

XXX   

  

XXX 
Horseradish         XXX     

Marjoram   

  

   

 XXX  

XXX 

Parsley   

  

XXX  

 XXX  

  

Rosemary  

       XXX    XXX 

Sage  

       XXX    XXX 

Savory, summer   

  

   

 XXX  

XXX 

Thyme  

       XXX   XXX 

 

 

Good Reading About the Southwest Gardening Region

The Mother Earth News online archives include three decades of homestead and gardening reports from the Southwest gardening region, including these neat stories:  

 Best Tomatoes for the Southwest, January 2010

 Phoenix Custom Chicken Coops, December 2009 (online)

 The Southwest, March 1990

 Chino Valley Changes, January 1987

 Mule Train Nomads, July 1979

 Water in the Desert,  June 2004

 Great Places You’ve Never Heard Of  

 Brisbee, Arizona, August 2008

 San Luis Obispo, California, August 2008

 Dixon, New Mexico, August 2007

 Silver City, New Mexico, October 2009

 Yavapai County, January 1987

 

 

 

Resources for the Southwest Gardening Region

Climate factors such as elevation or distance from the sea will influence when to plant what. These links will help you find your best planting dates, starting with extension service recommendations.

Home Vegetable Gardening in New Mexico, New Mexico State University 

  Vegetable Planting Guide, Arizona State University (click to your zone to find exact planting dates) 

  Vegetable Planting Guide, San Diego (California) County Extension Service 

 Sustainable Agriculture in Arizona. PDF from University of Arizona 

 Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education, University of California 

 California Certified Organic Farmers, Santa Cruz, California 

  Farm to Table, Santa Fe, New Mexico 

 





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