Instead of tilling, Harvey Ussery recommends using a broadfork to loosen the soil for planting.
Build fertile soil by using mulches and cover crops such as this fast-growing buckwheat.
Compost whatever organic materials you have on hand, including yard waste such as grass clippings and fall leaves.
Applying compost to your crops annually is the one of the best ways to build soil fertility.
A host of tiny soil organisms live among soil particles and are often fed by the carbohydrates released by plant roots.