Grapes at a Glance

Try these grape varieties for delicious homemade jellies, juice and wine. 

April/May 2013

By Barbara Pleasant 

The grape varieties listed here are widely adapted and often recommended for organic gardeners because of their vigor and/or disease resistance. Grape color and hardiness zone numbers are included in parentheses. Learn more about organic grape production in All About Growing Grapes

Type  Description     Varieties 
 

Seedless table grape 

 
 

Choose early- and late-maturing varieties to extend the harvest season. Excellent on rectangular arbors, where different colors of table grapes can be grown together.

 
 

‘Canadice’ (red, 4)
‘Mars’ (blue, 5)
‘Himrod’ (white, 4)
‘Reliance’ (red, 4)

 
 

Labrusca grapes 

 
 

The rich flavor of these seedy grapes can be traced to wild North American species. Most produce downward-facing shoots, so they need a high trellis or can be grown on an arbor.

 
 

‘Concord’ (blue, 4)
‘Niagara’ (white, 5)
‘Delaware’ (red, 4)
‘Ontario’ (white, 5)

 
 

Muscadine grapes

 
 

Improved native Southern species resist diseases and require minimal winter chilling. Most newer varieties are self-fertile. Muscadine grapes do well with an overhead, X-shaped trellis.

 
 

‘Carlos’ (bronze, 7)
‘Noble’ (black, 7)
‘Nesbitt’ (black, 7)
‘Summit’ (bronze, 7)

 
 

White wine grapes 

 
 

Newer hybrids have high productive potential even if grown in short-season areas. Upward-facing shoots require a two-tiered trellis and close management.

 
 

‘Cayuga White’ (5)
‘Louise Swenson’ (3)
‘LaCrosse’ (3)
‘Traminette’ (5)

 
 

Red wine grapes 

 
 

Newer hybrids have high productive potential if grown where summers allow complete ripening. Varieties with upward-facing shoots require a two-tiered trellis. Vines tend to be vigorous.

 
 

‘Chambourcin’ (6) ‘DeChaunac’ (4)
‘Cynthiana’ (4)
‘Frontenac’ (3)

 
 For more articles on growing grapes in your region, plus recipes for homemade jelly, juice and wine, go to Grateful for Grapes. Locate sources for these grape varieties with our custom Seed and Plant Finder.

Contributing editor Barbara Pleasant gardens in southwest Virginia, where she grows vegetables, herbs, fruits, flowers and a few lucky chickens. Contact Barbara by visiting her website or finding her on .

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