Luscious Landscape Plants

Incorporate fruiting trees, shrubs and vines into your yard, and you’ll enjoy the double benefits of a gorgeous landscape and luscious edible treats. To determine the best plants for your site, you’ll want to consider several factors, including your desired yield and ornamental qualities, along with your particular location’s hardiness zone and available pollination (some plants need other plants nearby for pollination). For more information about landscaping with edible plants, see Turn Your Yard Into a Luscious Landscape and How to Select Fruit and Nut Trees.

 

 

Common name  Latin name  Yield  Hardiness zones  Pollination needs  Landscape use  Prominent ornamental qualities 
Alpine strawberries  Fragaria vesca  1/2 cup per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Ground cover or low border Low mounds or lines of greenery
Apple and crab apple  Malus spp. 60 to 300 pounds per tree 3 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Apricot  Prunus armeniaca var. armeniaca  150 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Most varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Autumn olive  Elaeagnus umbellata  30 pounds per bush 3 to 7 Partially self-fertile Specimen shrub or hedge Leaves, fruits
Beach plum  Prunus maritima  Highly variable 3 to 8 Cross-pollination needed Part of shrub border Blossoms
Blackberry  Rubus spp. 3 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Train along a fence or trellis, or tie up to a pole Blossoms, leaves
Blueberry, highbush  Vaccinium corymbosum  7 pounds per plant 4 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Shrub border, foundation planting or hedge Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Blueberry, lowbush  Vaccinium angustifolium  5 to 10 pounds per 100 square feet 3 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Ground cover Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Blueberry, rabbiteye  Vaccinium asheii  15 pounds per plant 7 to 9 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield and berry size Specimen shrub, foundation planting or hedge Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, canes in fall
Cherry, cornelian  Cornus mas  30 to 50 pounds per plant 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall, fruits in summer, bark in winter
Cherry, Nanking  Prunus tomentosa  15 to 25 pounds per bush 3 to 6 Cross-pollination needed Shrub border, hedge Blossoms in spring, fruits in early summer
Cherry, sweet  Prunus avium  300 pounds per full-size tree 5 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, tree form
Cherry, tart  Prunus cerasus  100 pounds per tree 4 to 8 Self-fruitful Small specimen tree Blossoms
Currant, clove  Ribes odoratum  4 to 8 pounds per shrub 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Shrub border, hedge Blossoms
Currant, red, white or pink  Ribes petraeum, R. rubrum, R. sativum  3 to 10 pounds per shrub 3 to 7 Self-fruitful Hedge, foundation planting or espalier Blossoms, leaves in summer, fruits
Gumi  Elaeagnus multiflora  10 pounds per shrub 4 to 9 Self-fruitful Hedge Leaves in summer, fruits
Grapes, European wine  Vitis vinifera  10 to 30 pounds per vine 7 to 10 Self-fruitful Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Grapes, fox  Vitis labrusca  10 to 30 pounds per vine 3 to 7 Self-fruitful Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Grapes, muscadine  Vitis rotundifolia  10 to 30 pounds per vine 7 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Train over an arbor or fence Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Hackberry  Celtis occidentalis  Unknown 2 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form
  Celtis australis  Unknown 7 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form
  Celtis laevigata  Unknown 5 to 11 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form, leaves in fall 
  Celtis reticulata  Unknown 4 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Bark, tree form 
Huckleberry  Gaylussacia baccata  Unknown 3 to 8 Probably partially self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Foundation planting or mixed shrubbery Flowers
Juneberry (serviceberry, Saskatoon, shadbush)  Amelanchier spp. 10 pounds per plant 3 to 8 Self-fruitful, except for white-fruited varieties Hedge or loose, naturalistic plantings, specimen trees or shrubs Blossoms, form of tree or shrub, fall color, bark in winter
Jujube  Ziziphus jujuba  60 pounds per plant 6 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen plant or hedge Leaves in summer
Kiwifruit  Actinidia deliciosa  50 to 200 pounds per plant 7 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, golden  A. chinensis  50 to 200 pounds per plant 8 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, hardy  A. arguta  50 to 200 pounds per plant 4 to 9 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches, trunk (with age)
Kiwifruit, super-hardy  A. kolomikta  50 to 200 pounds per plant 3 to 7 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Canopy of leafy branches,  variegated leaves, trunk (with age)
Lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea  5 to 10 pounds per 100 square feet 4 to 7 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Ground cover Evergreen leaves, flower (two seasons), fruits
Maypop  Passiflora incarnata  12 fruits per plant 5 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Climbing vine for arbors and trellises Flowers
Medlar  Mespilus germanica  20 pounds per tree 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen tree planted singly or in a mixed border Flowers, fall color of leaves
Mulberry, black  Morus nigra  5 to 25 pounds per plant 7 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form
Mulberry, red  Morus rubra  5 to 25 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form
Mulberry, white  Morus alba  5 to 25 pounds per plant 5 to 8 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Glossy leaves
Pawpaw  Asimina triloba  25 pounds per plant 4 to 8 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Leaves all summer and in fall
Peach and nectarine  Prunus persica  50 to 150 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Most varieties are self-fruitful Small specimen tree, mixed border Blossoms
Pear, European  Pyrus communis  60 to 300 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall
Pear, Asian  P. pyrifolia, P. ussuriensis, P. {x} bretschneideri  60 to 300 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Most varieties need cross-pollination Specimen or shade tree Blossoms, leaves in summer and fall
Persimmon, oriental  Diospyros kaki  40 to 400 pounds per tree 7 to 10 Some varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form, fruit
Persimmon, American  Diospyros virginiana  50 to 100 pounds per tree 4 to 10 Some varieties are self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Tree form, leaves in summer and fall, fruit
Plum, American hybrids  Prunus spp. 50 to 100 pounds per tree Variable Cross-pollination needed Bushy tree Blossoms
Plum, European  Prunus domestica  75 pounds per tree 4 to 8 Self-fruitful, but cross-pollination increases yield Specimen or shade tree Blossoms
Plum, Oriental  Prunus salicina  75 pounds per tree 6 to 10 Cross-pollination needed Specimen or shade tree Blossoms
Quince  Cydonia oblonga  75 pounds per plant 5 to 9 Self-fruitful Small specimen tree or shrub, shrub border Blossoms, fruits
Raisin tree  Hovenia dulcis  5 to 10 pounds per plant 6 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leafy form
Rose hips             

prickly rose 

Rosa acicularis  4 pounds per plant 2 to 9 Self-fruitful Shrub border Flowers, fruits

dog rose 

Rosa canina  4 pounds per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits

sweetbriar rose 

R. eglanterea  4 pounds per plant 4 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits

Moyes rose 

R. moyesii  4 pounds per plant 5 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, trained on fence or post Flowers, fruits, leaves in summer

rugose rose 

R. rugosa  4 pounds per plant 3 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, hedge Flowers, fruits

apple rose 

R. villosa  4 pounds per plant 5 to 10 Self-fruitful Shrub border, hedge Flowers, fruits
Russian olive  Elaeagnus angustifolia  20 pounds per plant 2 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen tree, large hedge Leaves in summer, fruits (‘King Red’)
Seaberry  Hippophae rhamnoides  20 pounds per plant 3 to 7 Cross-pollination is needed Specimen hedge, shrub border Leaves in summer, fruits
Shipova  {x} Sorbopyrus auricularis  50 pounds per tree 4 to 9 Probably self-fruitful Specimen tree Flowers, leaves in summer
Sorbus             

sorb tree 

Sorbus domestica  30 pounds per tree 6 to 10 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall

whitebeam 

Sorbus aria  30 pounds per tree 5 to 9 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits

Korean mountain ash 

Sorbus alnifolia  30 pounds per tree 4 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits

Yu’s mountain ash 

Sorbus yuana  30 pounds per tree 4 to 7 Self-fruitful Specimen or shade tree Leaves in summer and fall, fruits
Wintergreen  Gaultheria procumbens  Unknown 3 to 6 Self-fruitful Ground cover Evergreen leaves, fruits

 

 


 




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