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Cucumbers for Your Garden

Discover the best varieties of slicers, picklers, Asian and other crunchy, delicious cucumbers. 

April/May 2011

By Barbara Pleasant 

Try these recommended cucumber varieties in your garden this growing season. Choose from American slicers, picklers and Asian cucumbers, as well as rarer species, such as jelly melon varieties. Read up on how to plant, grow, harvest and store all varieties of cukes in our article Growing Cucumbers.

Type  Description  Recommended Varieties 

American slicers
(
50 to 65 days to maturity) 

Uniform, oblong shape with dark green skin. Plants tend to produce all at once. Good fresh or pickled. 

‘Marketmore 76’ (OP)
‘Straight Eight’ (OP)
‘Sweet Success’ (F1)
 

Pickling
(
52 to 65 days to maturity) 

Small, oblong fruits with thin skins that are often bumpy. Plants produce all at once and must be picked daily. Good fresh and great pickled.  ‘Boothby’s Blonde’ (OP)
‘County Fair’ (OP)
‘Cross Country’ (F1)
‘Little Leaf’ (OP)

Asian
(
52 to 65 days to maturity) 

Long, slender fruits with small seed cavities and sweet flesh. Skins usually lack the bitter compounds that attract cucumber beetles. Need trellising.  ‘Shintokiwa’ (OP)
‘Suyo Long’ (OP) 
‘Tasty Jade’ (F1)

Greenhouse
(
52 to 65 days to maturity) 

Produce self-fertile flowers, which do not require pollination by insects. Fruits have thin skins and small seed cavities. Produce best if trellised.  ‘Beit Alpha MR’ (OP)
‘Cool Breeze’ (F1)
‘Diva’ (F1)
‘Green Finger’ (OP)

Other species
(‘Armenian,’ jelly melon, others)
(
55 to 120 days to maturity) 

Rampant, heat-resistant plants bear distinctive fruits that hold their flavor and pickling quality in hot weather. Best in warm climates.  ‘Jelly Melon’ (OP)
‘Poona Kheera’ (OP)
‘Yard Long Armenian’ (OP)
 Locate sources for these cucumber varieties with our custom Seed and Plant Finder.

Contributing editor Barbara Pleasant gardens in southwest Virginia, where she grows vegetables, herbs, fruits, flowers and a few lucky chickens. Contact Barbara by visiting her website or finding her on .





Post a comment below.

 

Virginia
6/13/2011 9:23:18 PM
I believe that you have a couple of errors in your article: 1. Poona Kheera is C. sativus, not C. melo 2. County Fair is F1, not OP. Thank you.

Barbara Pleasant_3
6/3/2011 7:29:25 AM
Good question! Both English and Asian cukes are burpless, but the English types have thinner skins. To grow that type in your garden, look into the greenhouse category in the chart. Genetic lines are very mixed in cukes. These days, the best thin-skinned, burpless types for the garden have some Middle Eastern background.

Chef Cindy
5/31/2011 9:14:21 PM
Good article, but for the novice, is the English the same as the Asian?





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