Planet Mars Astronomy, History and Mythology

The astronomy, history and mythology associated with Earth's red neighboring planet Mars, including perihelions and aphelions, a closer look at the planet, pink skies and blue sunsets.

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In Figure 2, the numbers in parenthesis note the distances between Mars and Earth in millions of miles. Mars will be closest to Earth (36.3 million miles) on the night of September 21-22, 1998.
NASA