Net Energy, Ecology and Economics

Read about the potential hazards of a growth economy, the relationships between our economic systems and our biosphere, and the dangers of the coming energy shortage in this reprint of Professor Howard T. Odum's Energy, Ecology and Economics.

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Figure 1 A. Generalized world model of man and nature based on one-shot fossil fuel usages and steady solar work. Pathways are flows of energy from outside source (circle) through interactions (pointed blocks marked 'X' to show multiplier action) to final dispersion of dispersed heat. The tank symbol refers to storage. Here world fuel reserve storage helps build a storage of structure of man's buildings, information, population, and culture.
ROYAL SWEDISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES