In February, India put a program into action that will phase out incandescent light bulbs and eventually decrease the country’s greenhouse gas emissions by 55 tons. By 2012, the government-sponsored program, called Bachat Lamp Yojana, will replace 400 million incandescent with compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), which use less energy and have a longer life span than normal bulbs.
Part of the program’s goal is to make CFLs affordable to the Indian public. The eco-friendly bulbs normally cost between 80 and 100 rupees, but the program knocks the cost down to 15 rupees, making it just as economical to buy a CFL as an incandescent bulb.
India has joined the ranks of other eco-friendly nations by pledging to replace 400 million incandescent bulbs with CFLs, which use less energy and last longer. Photo By K. Latham/Courtesy Flickr
Funding for India’s program comes in part from the cleaner development mechanism — part of the Kyoto protocol — in which developed nations fund developing nations in their efforts to reduce emissions. Further funding could come from the United Nations Climate Summit Change in Copenhagen in December. At the summit, developed nations will decide whether to fund $140 billion a year to help developing nations implement environmentally friendly policies.
India’s new program puts it in league with nations like Australia, Argentina and Ireland, all of which have light bulb laws. In the last few years more than 10 countries, including the United States, have pledged to do away with incandescent light bulbs. The United States has committed to doing so by 2014. The sooner, the better.