How to Prevent Zoonotic Disease

How to prevent zoonotic disease, includes tips on keeping diseases from host livestock and domestic animals from transmitting to humans.

How to prevent zoonotic disease

How to prevent Zoonotic disease.

ILLUSTRATION: DAVE KLUG

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Learn how to prevent Zoonotic disease. 

1 Maintain good vaccination programs for livestock and domestic pets. Consult with your veterinarian to establish a sensible program for your animals.

2 Aggressively deworm livestock and pets and submit fecal samples for annual testing. Puppies and kittens should be dewormed starting at three weeks of age.

3 Maintain hygiene, especially after contact with calves, piglets, puppies and kittens. Isolate any live stock with diarrhea and wear protective clothing when dealing with them. Disinfect your boots in a bath before leaving the pen area.

4 Keep infants and young children from playing in areas where animals defecate. Remember that some parasites live for years in the soil.

5 Pregnant women should always wear gloves when dealing with soil and should never handle cat litter.

6 Fence off drinking water sources to avoid contamination by livestock or wildlife.

7 Wear protective clothing when handling aborted animal fetuses or animal carcasses. Disinfect all clothing afterwards.

8 Avoid unpasteurized milk and cheese.

9 Keep all pets from contact with prairie dog colonies.

10 Immediately report any skin diseases in livestock and pets to your veterinarian.