Close-up of waste valve.
Waste valve (exploded view.)
Rubber pieces (beside their metal siblings) cut from tractor tire tube.
Pumping water is a main concern for any home or farm because, short of gravity feeding, it requires a ridiculous amount of energy.
PHOTO: CARLOS MOATES
Diagram of working water pump.
Water pump ram's design.
Waste valve bushing with 4 strap drilled and welded in place.
Assembly of water pump.
Close-up of check valve (notice arrow on brass casing) and copper wire in snifter hole just below the valve in center of nipple.
Materials list for water pump.
MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF