Growing Apple Trees Ecologically: A Guide to a Low-Spray Orchard
By choosing apple varieties and rootstocks adapted to your area's climate and pests, keeping trees healthy through good site selection, and using biological controls, you can grow high-quality, low-spray apples.
In the old days, it was mainly in the form of hard cider that a family's apple crop could be made to last all year.
PHOTO: DAVID CAVAGNARO
With trees ranging from dwarf to standard (right), size selection bcomes crucial. Dwarves are easier to maintain and more productive.
Scheme for proper footing.
Training methods and pruning patterns.
A regional guide to the worst apple pests.
Besides producing apples, an orchard provides a parklike setting.