Growing Apple Trees Ecologically: A Guide to a Low-Spray Orchard

By choosing apple varieties and rootstocks adapted to your area's climate and pests, keeping trees healthy through good site selection, and using biological controls, you can grow high-quality, low-spray apples.



125-058-01
With trees ranging from dwarf to standard (right), size selection bcomes crucial. Dwarves are easier to maintain and more productive.
JAN ADKINS
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In the old days, it was mainly in the form of hard cider that a family's apple crop could be made to last all year.
PHOTO: DAVID CAVAGNARO
Apple Tree Footing
Scheme for proper footing.
JAN ADKINS
Pruning and Training Apple Trees
Training methods and pruning patterns.
JAN ADKINS
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Besides producing apples, an orchard provides a parklike setting.
DEREK FELL
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A regional guide to the worst apple pests.
BRENDA OLCOTT-REID











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