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Wabi-Sabi Wednesday: What Do Those Words Mean?

3/2/2011 10:31:26 AM

Tags: wabi-sabi, Simply Imperfect, imperfect beauty, annica, Zen Buddhism, Robyn Griggs Lawrence

Robyn Griggs Lawrence thumbnailOn Wabi-Sabi Wednesdays, I feature excerpts from my upcoming book, Simply Imperfect: Revisiting the Wabi-Sabi House, which will be released in April. 

Wabi stems from the root wa, which means harmony, peace, tranquility, and balance. In early Japanese poetry, wabi meant sad, desolate and lonely, but also simple, humble by choice and in tune with nature.

Until Zen Buddhism became widespread in the 14th century, wabi was a pejorative term used to describe cheerless, miserable outcasts. As respect for monks’ and hermits’ spiritual asceticism grew, wabi became respectful—even revered. Sixteenth-century Tea master Jo-o described a wabi Tea man as someone who feels no dissatisfaction even though he owns no Chinese utensils. Wabi is “the joy of the little monk in his wind-torn robe,” a man content with very little, free from greed, indolence, and anger.

Desolate undertones still cling to the word wabi, sometimes used to describe “the helpless feeling you have when waiting for your lover.” It’s a diffuse, elusive concept that’s less verbal than emotive, so subtle that you almost miss it. “No other word could be more ambiguous in meaning than wabi,” Kazue Kyoichi wrote in Wabicha no Keifu in 1973. “It’s impossible to explain in other words.”

Sabi means “the bloom of time.” It connotes natural progression—tarnish, hoariness, rust—the extinguished gloss of what once sparkled. Sabi things carry their years’ burdens with dignity and grace: a silver bowl mottles as it oxidizes, a wooden barn’s gently collapses in on itself, a naked winter bough has stark, muscular beauty. An old car left in a field to rust, as it transforms from an eyesore into a part of the landscape, is the sabi of the United States.

Sabi is based on the Buddhist law of annica, or impermanence. Celebrating crumbling, rusty, fraying things acknowledges poetically that nothing (including ourselves and this moment) remains unchanged. Sabi’s meaning has changed over time, from its ancient definition “to be desolate,” to the more neutral “to grow old.” By the 13th century, sabi meant taking pleasure in things that were old and faded. A proverb emerged: “Time is kind to things, but unkind to man.”

The words wabi and sabi weren’t always linked, although they’ve been together for such a long time that many people use them interchangeably. I met a Tea teacher who hates the phrase because the marriage dilutes the two words’ separate identities. A Kyoto Tea master laughed and said they’re thrown together because it sounds catchy, like “ping-pong” and “ding dong.” I never did find out why exactly they came together, but as a phrase, wabi-sabi becomes more than the sum of its parts.

To learn more about wabi-sabi, check out Wabi-Sabi: Finding Peace and Beauty in Ordinary Things in the current issue of Mother Earth News.

shelf 3 

Aged and humble, this shelf and antique shoe forms are wabi-sabi. Photo by Joe Coca 


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6/19/2012 1:35:56 AM
I enjoyed your article. But having lived in the poverty, crime corruption and cruel cruel superstition of Nepal for the last two years, and having been blocks away when the embassy in Damascus, Syria was bombed and terrorists gunned down a pedestrian right where I walked every day, I have to ask, when has war, crime and famine ever come to your door. There's simplicity because it's "the thing to do" and there's selling your children because you can't feed them, There's not cleaning because you don't want to overdo and there's bathing your children in a river so polluted you can smell it 100 yards away. Please be less careless about the words you bandy about because it sounds poetic when you really haven't seen what the world has to offer.

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