Mother Earth News Blogs >

Natural Health
Healthy living, herbal remedies and DIY natural beauty.

4 Herbal Teas for Autumn and Winter

Four Herbal Teas for Autumn and Winter 

The cool, dry winds, unsettled weather, and decreasing daylight hours that we experience as the season transitions into autumn and winter can be difficult for our bodies and minds. While some of us welcome this rhythmic seasonal change and the downward movement of energy back to the earth and others dread it, we can all benefit by incorporating foods and herbs into our diet that help balance the energetics of the season. By doing so, we can replenish ourselves with the inward movement of energy as we settle into a slower, more deliberate season, enjoying warm soups and stews, bread fresh from the oven, a steaming cup of tea, and nights by the fireplace or curled up on the sofa.

Bodily imbalance may arise during autumn and the long winter months either due to illness arising from fluctuating weather or passing viruses around, reduced activity, the stress of the holidays, or the decreased daylight hours. We can turn to herbal teas to support our body’s resilience and to correct imbalance.

The process of blending and the ritual of making and drinking herbal tea is a fine way to tune into the slower rhythms of this season and is therapeutic in and of itself. Sipping a cup of tea allows us to pause for a moment and let the stillness of this time of year nourish us.

Read on for 4 herbal tea recipes that we can turn to this season to keep ourselves healthy and happy.

Tea Preparation

The recipes that follow use dried herbs. You may already grow herbs in your garden and dry them; if not, you can purchase bulk dried herbs at your local natural foods store or online, or if you are fortunate to have one, at a local herb shop. To make teas, you’ll just need a kettle (or pot) for boiling water, a pot for making herbal decoctions with rooty herbs, a measuring spoon, a teapot, a tea infuser or strainer, and a teacup (or two or three).

Take note, some of the recipe measurements are in parts. This “part” can be whatever you would like: 1 tablespoon, 1 cup, etc., depending on how big of a batch of dried herb blend you want to make. Just keep the ratio of the parts equivalent to the recipe!

There are two approaches to preparing tea: an infusion, which is used for more tender plant parts such as leaves and flowers (more on infusions here), or a decoction, which is used for harder plant parts such as roots and barks (more on decoctions here). Infusions involve boiling water, pouring it over the tea blend, and then steeping for 10-15 minutes.

Decoctions involve simmering the herbs with the water for 15-20 minutes to extract the plant constituents. In both cases, you’ll want to keep the tea covered during steeping/simmering, particularly for aromatic herbs with volatile constituents.

You can drink these teas as-is or choose to sweeten them with a bit of honey or maple syrup. Adding one or two dried apple rings to the tea while it steeps or simmers adds a subtle but lovely sweetness as well

Herbal Teas for Autumn - Winter Nourishment Tea by Herbal Academy

Teas for Autumn and Winter

The words that come to my mind when considering teas for autumn and winter are warmth, nourishment, immune support, and cold and flu relief. We can do much for our wellness just with the foods and herbs we choose as daily nourishment, and teas can be a part of this sustenance.

Herbal Nourishment Tonic

This tea is my go-to, vitamin- and mineral-rich tonic to nourish and support the body through the winter months.


•2 parts nettle leaf
• 2 parts peppermint or spearmint leaf
•1 part lemon balm leaf
• 1 part milky oats
• 1 part red clover blossom
• 1 part burdock root


Blend herbs together. Steep 1-2 tablespoons tea blend in each 1 cup of boiling water for 10-15 minutes. Sweeten to taste with honey, if desired. Several cups of this tonic tea can be consumed throughout the day.  (A longer infusion period of several hours will extract even more vitamins and minerals; you can make a big batch, let it infuse overnight, and drink it throughout the next day, reheating if desired.

Herbal Teas for Autumn - Herbal Chai by Herbal Academy

Warming Adaptogen Chai Tea

This warming tea keeps you toasty as the days turn cool while supporting the immune system and adrenals during the cold and flu season to help fend off illness.


• 2 tablespoons reishi mushroom
• 1 tablespoon astragalus root
• 1 tablespoon eleuthero or ashwaganda root
•1 tablespoon burdock root
• 1 tablespoon cinnamon chips
• 2 teaspoons dried ginger (or 7 slices fresh ginger)
• 5 cardamon pods, crushed
• ½ tsp cloves
• 2 cups water
• 2 cups milk (dairy or non-dairy)


1. Combine reishi, astragalus, eleuthero/ashwaganda, burdock, and water in a pot.

2. Bring to a gentle simmer for 15-20 minutes.

3. Add remaining herbs and milk, and heat for another 10-15 minutes.

4. Strain herbs and serve with honey or maple syrup to taste and a dash of nutmeg on top, if desired.

5. Refrigerate unused portion and reheat later. Drink up to 3-4 cups throughout the day.

Those who enjoy a more traditional chai recipe could add a tablespoon or two of loose leaf black tea (regular or decaffeinated) to this recipe along with the cinnamon, ginger, cardamom, and cloves. Check out the Herbal Academy blog for another take on herbal chai. Roasted chicory and dandelion root also add a rich, earthy taste.

Uplift Tea

As the dark nights grow longer and sun is in short supply, support your nervous system and mental outlook with these uplifting and building herbs.


• 3 parts lemon balm leaves
• 2 parts St. John’s wort flower and leaf
• 2 parts milky oat tops
•2 parts spearmint leaves
• 1 part linden leaf & flower


Blend herbs together. Steep 1-2 tablespoons tea blend in each 1 cup of boiling water for 10-15 minutes. Sweeten to taste with honey, if desired. Drink up to 3-4 cups throughout the day.

Nip It in the Bud Tea

At the first sign of a cold or flu, nip it in the bud with this immune- and lymph-stimulating tea! Make a big batch in the morning and sip it throughout the day to support your immune system during acute infection.


•2 parts elderberries
•2 parts echinacea root and/or leaves
• 2 parts calendula petals
• 1 part rose hips
• 1 part orange peel
• ½ part ginger root (or 1 part fresh ginger root)
• ¼ part cinnamon chips
• 1 cup water


Add elderberries and water to a pan. Bring to a simmer for 10-15 minutes. Turn off heat and add the rest of the herbs. Let steep for 10-15 minutes. Strain and drink up to 3-4 cups throughout the day.

Herbal Teas for Autumn - Chai_blend by Herbal Academy

Teas for Colds and Flus

If despite your best efforts you do come down with a cold or flu, herbal teas can provide relief for congestion, sore throats, coughs, fevers, and headaches and make you more comfortable while your immune system does its job.  

For more herbal tea recipes, check out Ten Homemade Herbal Teas for Cold and Flu Season

For some simple herbal teas you can make using culinary herbs, check out Five Kitchen Herbs for Cold Season

For an easy herbal tea for colds, check out Kitchen Medicine: A Simple Cold and Flu Remedy

And get well soon!  

Photos copyright Jane Metzger, Annie Hall, and Herbal Academy. 

Jane Cookman Metzger is the Assistant Director at the Herbal Academy. Herbal Academy programs offer multiple levels of comprehensive herbal education, ranging from very beginner to advanced professional levels. Set your foundation in the Introductory Herbal Course, explore herbal therapeutics for body systems in greater depth in the Intermediate Herbal Course, prepare for business endeavors in the Entrepreneur Herbal Course, and delve into complex clinical topics in the Advanced Herbal Course. Through the Herbal Academy’s training paths, students will gain the knowledge and experience required for careers as professional herbalists, and with additional hands-on training, clinical herbalism. All programs are held online, and designed with an international classroom in mind. Read all of Jane's MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here.

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to our Terms of Agreement and to follow blogging best practices. They are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on the byline link at the top of the page.

4 Reasons to Eat Pastured Eggs


Photo by Pixabay/Couleur

The popularity of low-fat diets has put several nutritious foods in the black list. Eggs are a great example of a healing food that has been unfairly pushed away, mostly because of the fatty yolk. But eggs, and especially the yolk, have so much to offer, particularly if they come from hens that are raised in a natural environment, instead of being confined in cages. If eggs are banned from your household or you are a yolk-less omelet kind of person, the following egg facts could change your mind.

Cholesterol and Healthy Fats

The yolk is a rich source of cholesterol and omega 3 fats, which should be part of every healthy diet. There is plenty of research proving that omega 3s are super important for cardiovascular health and a strong immune system.

Also, cholesterol is a fundamental component of every cell of our body, so practically, we cannot exist without at least some cholesterol in our diet. If however, you are still concerned about cholesterol, the good news is that compared to supermarket eggs (coming from caged hens) pastured eggs contain 1/3 less cholesterol, while there can be up to 13 times more omega 3s, so we get the best of both worlds.

Choline for Optimal Brain Function

The egg yolk is rich in choline, a fatty substance and the building block of one of the most important brain neurotransmitters called acetylcholine. Getting extra choline is ultra important for memory, verbal and logical reasoning and the ability to concentrate. A serving of 100 grams of egg yolk contain 683mg of choline, which is the highest amount of choline you can get from any whole food, for the least amount of calories.

Optimal amounts of choline can help infants and young children develop a robust memory for life, but research suggests that taking extra choline during pregnancy can take the baby´s brain power to another level. Adequate choline can also protect from developing a fatty liver.

Due to the lower estrogen levels, men and post-menopausal women need more choline in their diet in order to keep their liver in good health. Choline supplementation is finally used to boost cognitive and mental functions of seniors who struggle with senility or Alzheimer´s.

Vitamins in Pastured Eggs

Since the egg yolk is quite fatty, it is the perfect place to store fat-soluble vitamins. Indeed, nature made sure that the egg yolk is rich in vitamin A, E, D and also water-soluble beta carotene, B12 and folate, all very important nutrients. Compared to eggs coming from caged hens, pastured eggs are again the leaders when it comes to vitamin content and should be your first choice.

For example pastured eggs pack three times more vitamin E, three to six times more vitamin D, seven times more beta carotene and 66% more vitamin A. Not bad for a humble egg!

Protein in Eggs

Eggs are mostly famous as a powerhouse of protein, making them popular among athletes and body builders. But the truth is that everybody needs protein. From the average person to seniors, children and pregnant women, protein is a nutrient absolutely essential for every age group. A single egg packs in total six grams of protein, four of which are housed in the egg white. This lovely package comes with least possible calories, just 80 for a large or 55 for a small egg.

Given this immense concentration of essential nutrients, there is little room to doubt that eggs are one of the most nutrient dense foods you can get your hands on and a literal nutrient bomb. Despite the bad rap, eggs certainly deserve a second chance in our diet and our kitchen.


Mother Earth News. 2007. Meet real free-range eggs.

Mother Earth News. 2009. More great news about free-range eggs.

Eleni Roumeliotou is a clinical nutritionist, geneticist and founder of Primal Baby, a health sanctuary for all things fertility and pregnancy. Eleni passionately helps women, who are trying to conceive or are already expecting a baby, to optimize their diet and lifestyle in order to conceive naturally and have the healthiest baby possible. Her passion is to empower women to take control of their fertility and their baby´s health, safeguarding the wellbeing of the next generation, one baby at a time. You can read all of Eleni´s Mother Earth News articles here.

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page.

Top 10 Natural Foods for Cat Health


If you have been educating yourself on what you should be feeding your kitty, you know by now that not all people foods are meant for these cute beings. When it comes to nutrition, you should never go for the cheapest options especially if your cat's health is on the line. However, cheap doesn't always mean unhealthy. What you need to do is develop the habit of reading food labels.

If you are planning to feed your cat raw food, you should at least know the basic ingredients that are necessary to promote cat nutrition. Here are some of the top picks when it comes to giving your feline food that would support its complete nutritional needs.

High-Quality Meat

If there is one thing that we know about cats, it's the fact that they need protein in their diet. Felines spend most of their days being active and to support their energy levels, they need to eat the right kind of food. There is a wide array of meat products that you can choose from. However, there are a lot of cat owners who go for chicken and turkey meals. This ingredient is quite familiar if you have a thing for reading the labels of your cat food.

The meat in the cat food, if it is in kibble form, should have the same grade as the one we humans eat. If you decide to take a trip to the supermarket to feed your cat some real meat, make sure that you cook the meat by at least 10 percent to get rid of the idea" replace by "cook the meat by at least 10 percent to kill the bad bacteria.

Grain-Free Pet Food Formula


This is one thing that you need to be conscious about, especially when you have a cat that is prone to having allergic reactions. There are many cat breeds that may be sensitive to gluten which is present in grains. This means that favorite human food containing such as rice and barley are not good for your cat. This also indicates that you need to avoid these ingredients in your cat food since they may not be the best food for kitty. It’s better to stay away from grains whether you are feeding you are feeding your four-legged buddies with commercial cat food or you are putting them on an organic diet.



Apparently, Popeye is not the only one who could benefit from eating Spinach, your cats can enjoy this human food and it is healthy for them. Aside from being low in calories, spinach contains glycoglycerolipids which could help maintain a healthier digestive system.

However, if your kitty has kidney problems, this is not a good choice since it also contains calcium oxalate which may result in the formation of crystals in the urinary tract.

Broth: Chicken or Beef?

If you have a cat you know how these animals can be about water. In fact, felines are very picky on how you offer them a drink which is why you need to be looking out for their water intake to know they are drinking enough.

One way to get around this is to feed them with beef or chicken broth. This is a low-calorie meal. While at it, make sure not to add too much sodium. In cases where your kitty has stones or crystals, adding water is a must.


Eggs are great sources of protein and they are not just good for a healthy breakfast, they also serve as a major source of nutrition for cats. If you are watching kitty’s weight, however, try to feed it with egg whites only since the yolk is high in fat and cholesterol. You may give your kitty with hard boiled or scrambled eggs.



Of all the fruits that you can load up on, melons happen to be one of the most nutritious and this fruit is not just good for your skin, they also have tons of benefits for your cats. Melons, irrespective of variety, are rich in Vitamins A and C which could help boost the immune system. This is true for humans and, apparently, for cats, too. Frozen melon slices may be a great option and treat for your kitties.


If we are to believe the things that we see on TV, we would say that cats love to eat fish. In fact, they do and you can share your fish meals with them.

Fish is high in Omega 3, which is good for the heart and your cats may also love cooked or canned fish. However, if you have an overweight cat in your hands, try to mellow down on fish and tuna.



While cats can eat fruits, you need to be careful about the kind of fruits to feed them. There are some fruits that contain ingredients that are toxic to cats, and you don’t want to commit the mistake of feeding Fluffy with that.

One safe choice is banana, which is rich in potassium and there is a whole lot of soluble fiber, too. Be sure not to feed your cats more than they should be eating.

Whole Grains in Cat Food


While there are some cats that are sensitive to gluten, it is not true for all your fluffy friends. Giving them high-quality whole grains may be a good way to improve their diet.

Grains are available in kibbles, too, and most cat owners rely on an automatic cat feeder for their cats if they use commercial cat food. However, preparing a meal with quinoa or brown rice may be a good idea if you want kitty to eat organic meals.



If you want to give cats a treat from time to time, blueberries can be a good choice. Frozen blueberries would be particularly great and many cats love it. These berries are rich in Vitamins C and A which are found in many cat foods. Needless to say, you should make sure that you are not feeding kitty with more than 25 pieces each time.


When it comes to cat nutrition the right balance of protein, fat, and carbs are necessary. If you are not a fan of the automatic cat feeder and would rather rely on all organic, be sure to check if what you are feeding your cats provide them with sufficient nutrition.

Ann Katelyn is a homesteader in Alabama whohas dedicated most of her life to gardening and botanical study with growing interests ranging from the popular, world-class roses to the rarest and most exotic orchids. She is currently trying her best to become well versed on plants found in desert areas, the tropics, and Mediterranean region. Connect with Ann on Twitter and her website, Sumo Gardener. Read all of Ann's MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here.

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page.

Comparing Soap Ingredients: Farm-Made Goat's Milk vs Corporate-Brand Soaps

Homemade Soap Samples In Store

Recently, I was at a store handing out samples of our all-natural goat’s milk soap when a woman walked up to me and asked for a sample. She told me that she had very sensitive skin which was itching constantly and that her doctor had recommended to her to use Dove brand soap. She said switching to Dove didn’t help — her skin was still itching.

Curious as to the ingredients, I bought a bar of the doctor-recommended “Dove, Unscented, Sensitive Skin”, and deciphered the ingredients, which were printed in light turquoise print on a white shiny background. I had to get help to read them — a friend could barely read them with 20/20 vision, so anyone without perfect vision would not have been able to read the ingredients. (Hmmm.)

Corporate-Brand 'Soap' versus Farm-Made Soaps

Here are the ingredients listed on the Dove label, with a comparison to the ingredients in our Goat’s Milk Soap. The definitions and explanations for the ingredients were taken from the Environmental Working Group's Skin Deep website. No interpretations or judgements were added.

To help with reading the ingredients, here are the definitions of three that occur throughout:

Surfactant is a compound that lowers the surface tension between two liquids or between a liquid and a solid so that they can be better blended.

Viscosity is a measure of a liquids resistance to flow. Honey is very viscous, water is not.

Chelating is removing chlorine, chemicals, metals and other mineral deposits from your hair or skin.

Soap Making Ingredients


Serenity Acres Goat Milk Soap

Sodium Lauroyl Isethionate

Sodium Salt – surfactant; a cleansing agent


Fresh Goat’s Milk

natural, high in alpha-hydroxy acids such as lactic acid, breaks down dead skin cells and leaves behind new skin cells – cream is moisturizing, full of vitamins – contributes to the creamy and conditioning qualities of the soap

Stearic Acid

Natural occurring fatty acid – may be of animal origin or plant based (not specified here); can be harsh and irritating – surfactant, cleansing agent, stabilizer

Grade A Olive Oil

contributes to conditioning qualities of the soap

Lauric Acid

Natural occurring fatty acid, common in coconut oil – surfactant, cleansing agent, emulsifier

Coconut Oil

contributes to cleansing and bubbly qualities of the soap

Sodium Tallowate or Sodium Palmitate

Rendered beef fat – may cause eczema and blackheads – surfactant, cleansing agent, foam booster or sodium of palmitic acid, found in olive oils, coconut oils, or body fats – cleansing, emulsifying, viscosity controlling

Organic, Sustainable Palm Oil

contributes to hardness and creaminess of the soap

Water Aqua

Purified Water

Sodium Isethionate

Organic Salt – antistatic, cleansing, hair conditioning, skin conditioning

Sodium Hydroxide (Lye)

highly caustic and reactive inorganic base which combines with the oils through a chemical process and so changes into soap and glycerin. After the 24 hour saponification process, no lye remains in the soap. All real soap is made with lye.

Sodium Stearate

A natural occurring fatty acid – surfactant, cleansing Agent, emulsifying, viscosity controlling


Essential or Fragrance Oils

aromatic oil produced from a plant

A fragrance oil is an artificial chemical aroma carrier.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

A synthetic surfactant – associated with irritation and allergic contact dermatitis – antistatic, hair & skin conditioning agent, cleansing, foam booster, viscosity increasing.


Sodium Cocoate or Sodium Palm Kernelate

Sodium Salt of fatty acids from coconut oil – cleansing and emulsifying sodium salt of the acids derived from palm kernel oil surfactant – cleansing, emulsifying, viscosity increasing.


Dipropylene Glycol

Synthetic Solvent – associated with irritation of skin, eyes or lungs – solvent, viscosity decreasing


Sodium Chloride

inorganic salt (table salt) – viscosity increasing


Tetrasodium Etidronate

Diphosphonic Acid Derivative – chelating agent, stabilizing, viscosity controlling


Tetrasodium EDTA

Chelating Agent associated with organ system toxicity and enhanced skin absorption



Naturally occurring organic compound – scent of cotton candy and caramel so used to impart a sweet aroma; masking, tonic


Titanium Dioxide

Inorganic compound (white); colorant, sunscreen agent opacifying agent; ultraviolet light absorber- reduces lather and moisturizing


It is also remarkable that nowhere on the package is this “bar” labeled as a soap. And there is an easy answer for it: It is not a soap. It is a detergent and, therefore, cannot be called or marketed as a “soap”. A soap is specifically defined as fatty acids which are neutralized by an alkali such as lye.

Serenity Acres Goats Milk Soap

So, after looking at the table and comparing the ingredients, wouldn’t you much rather use on your skin — the largest and most permeable organ of your body ÿ a real soap with seven ingredients, all of which you can pronounce, or a synthetic detergent with 15 ingredients, most of which you have to look up as to what they are and what they do?

I’ll let you be the judge.

Yours Always, Julia

Gathering Herbs In A Field

Julia Shewchuk owns and operates Serenity Acres Farm on 80 acres in Florida. Serenity Acres runs on solar, is Animal Welfare Approved-certified, houses anywhere from four to 10 WWOOFers and interns, and is the home to 58 dairy goats, 16 Black Angus cattle, 278 laying hens, 3 horses, 3 cats, 4 house dogs, 6 livestock guardian dogs, and 6 ducks. Read all of Julia’s MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here.

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page.

Echinacea: A Common Medicinal for a Variety of Ailments


Herbs are useful for more than just flavoring food. They can add nutrients to your diet including vitamins and minerals, help alleviate symptoms of a cold/flu, improve your immune system, and even reduce inflammation, stop bleeding, and heal minor burns/bee stings. Wildcrafting is a good way of gathering herbs that you may need. But a way to secure your herbal medicine cabinet is to learn to grow your own.

My last blog post was about mullein, which is something that grows prolifically in the wild and is great for making an oil to soothe ear aches/infections and also helping relieve chest congestion. Today, I’m going to cover another great herb that can be cultivated in your garden: Echinacea purpurea, or Purple Coneflower.

Echinacea as Medicinal Plant

A member of the Asteraceae family, this easy-to-grow plant is a native of North America. Its stalk will grow from 2-5 feet topped by a lovely lavender flower with brownish centers. Though it prefers moist soil it can also be found in dry prairies, and, once established, can do well even in drought conditions (which is great for gardeners!).

When planting this flower, choose a sunny spot — it does not do well in shade. The flower blooms in the summer and reseeds itself in the fall. This year I left the Echinacea in my garden alone to allow them to reseed for next year hoping to at least double my crop.

Echinacea has a rich history, used by several Native American tribes of North America for different purposes, the chief one being as an analgesic (it relieved fever, headaches, and provided pain relief). Echinacea is a natural remedy to turn to the next time you or a family member come down with a cold.

Adding this herb to your garden will allow you to be able to have it on hand when you need it. You can quickly whip up an infusion or, plan ahead a little, and make a tincture which allows the medicinal qualities to be preserved for use at anytime.

In the United States, we tend to rely more heavily on prescription medication, but that situation is different in Europe. For instance, in Germany, experts have deemed Echinacea a natural antibiotic, because it suppresses viral activities. Echinacea also contains phenols, flavonoids, copper, iron, iodine, potassium, and vitamins A, C, and E.

These are some benefits of Echinacea:

• Alleviates symptoms of colds, coughs, flu, and upper respiratory conditions
• Soothes sore throat and enlarged lymph nodes
• Eases the symptoms of urinary tract infections
• Fights infections
• Strengthens the immune system by promoting T-cell activation (which may cause issues with people with auto-immune diseases)

Preparation: Using fresh is preferred since drying can decrease the medicinal potency, however you may dry it for use as an infusion if you desire.

Echinacea Tincture


• 8 oz alcohol (I use Everclear but you can use vodka as well)
• 1 oz fresh flower/leaves/roots (only do this if you have a large stand since you are pulling the entire plant)
• Glass jar



1. Check herb for bugs, remove any dirt, and chop plant parts (the more exposure to the alcohol the better).

2. Make sure the plant is completely covered by the alcohol and cover tightly.

3. Store in a cool, dark place for a minimum of two weeks (four weeks will create a stronger tincture). Shake the jar 1-3 times a day.

4. Strain through cheesecloth and store in an amber dropper jar, in a cool, dark location. For a stronger tincture you may change the herb: alcohol ratio from 1:8 to 1:4 but just make sure the herb is fully covered by the alcohol.

To use: For best results, take at the first sign of illness or if you know you’ve been exposed to illness. Take 15-30 ml three times a day. Do not take for more than 10 days in a row. Echinacea is NOT an everyday tonic, if you are wanting to support your immune system during the winter months, consider brewing up elderberry syrup instead.

This is NOT medical advice; this is for educational purposes only. You should always check with your doctor before trying any of these remedies.

Check out our online community for ways to help in your local food movement, learn about more medicinal herbs and much more. Sean and Monica are available for consulting work regarding property analysis and design, personal coaching and speaking engagements.

Sean and Monica Mitzel homestead with their family on 40 acres and are using permaculture techniques and methods for the property. The homestead is a demonstration and education site where they teach workshops and raise dairy goats, sheep, pigs, rabbits, chickens, and ducks. The Mitzels have planted food forests, guilds and enjoy wildcrafting and propagating plants. Sean and Monica can often be found podcasting or speaking and teaching at different events. Listen to the podcast and to learn more about the Mitzels, visit The Prepared Homestead. Read all of their MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here.

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page.

Negative Effects of Loud Noise on Our Bodies

It turns out that loud noise is not just annoying, but it also has significant negative effects in the body.

An intriguing study published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives in 2004, reports that a single session of exposure to very loud noise (100 decibels) for 12 hours caused a significant increase of DNA fragmentation in the adrenal gland cells. These endocrine glands sit on top of the kidneys and release hormones in response to stress, such as cortisol and adrenaline, the fight or flight hormone.

Loud noise is a form of stress as well, called acoustic stress and this is probably why the adrenals were affected so much. The levels of the stress hormones were elevated in the blood following exposure to loud noise. Experiments with consecutive sessions of loud noise exposure (simulating situations of chronic exposure to loud noises, such as living in a big city) show that the levels of stress hormones in the blood reach maximum levels within 9 days and remained in those levels for the duration of the experiment.

Cells possess sophisticated molecular tools to repair DNA breaks within 2 hours (if both strands are broken) or 15 minutes (if only one DNA strand is broken). Interestingly, in the single exposure to loud noise study, cells were unable to repair their DNA even after a day of not being exposed to noise. This suggests that noise is not just harming the DNA or increases the stress hormones, but also diminishes the ability of cells to heal and restore their physiological functions. Somehow, the cellular mechanisms that restore genetic problems remain temporarily inactive after exposure to loud noise.

The cardiovascular system seems to be very sensitive to acoustical stress as well. A study published in 2003 shows that this may be just the tip of the iceberg, since heart cells actually suffer extensive structural and molecular damage following 12 hours of exposure to 100 decibels.

As with the adrenal gland cells, heart cells were unable to restore the genetic damages, even a day after the loud noise exposure. The specific studyalso reports swollen membranes in vital sub-cellular structures and an increase in oxidative stress in the heart cells.


1. Frenzilli G, et al., 2004. Effects of loud noise exposure on DNA integrity in rat adrenal gland.Environ Health Perspect. 112(17):1671-2.

2. Lenzi P, et al., 2003. DNA damage associated with ultrastructural alterations in rat myocardium after loud noise exposure.Environ Health Perspect. 111(4):467-71.

3. Soldani P, et al., 1999. Long-term exposure to noise modifies rat adrenal cortex ultrastructure and corticosterone plasma levels. J SubmicroscCytolPathol. 31(3):441-8.

4. Gesi M, et al., 2001. Time-dependent changes in adrenal cortex ultrastructure and corticosterone levels after noise exposure in male rats. Eur J Morphol. 39(3):129-35.

5. Stansfeld S & Matheson M. 2003.Noise pollution: non-auditory effects on health. Br Med Bull 68 (1): 243-257.

Eleni Roumeliotou is a geneticist and clinical nutritionist specializing in fertility and perinatal nutrition and lifestyle. She is the founder of Primal Baby, a health sanctuary for all things fertility and pregnancy. Eleni passionately helps women, who are trying to conceive or are already expecting a baby, to optimize their diet and lifestyle in order to conceive naturally and have the healthiest baby possible. Her passion is to empower women to take control of their fertility and their baby´s health, safeguarding the well being of the next generation, one baby at a time. You can read all of Eleni´s MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here

All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page.